COVID-19 ASEAN Digital Dashboard

Understanding COVID-19's Impact on Business

The US-ASEAN Business Council is closely tracking the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic  This interactive report provides a resource for our members and the public on the national responses of ASEAN Member States and timely analysis on the consequences of these measures on business.

Situation by Country

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
141 1 137
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

No restrictions on cross-border delivery of goods

Known Closures:

N/A

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

Operating hours of Temburong Bridge revised to 6:00am to 6:00pm

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

Foreigners are banned from entering. Residents are banned from leaving.

Restricted Locations:

Starting May 16, restrictions on six types of premises will be lifted: restaurants, gyms and sports facilities, driving schools, and stalls and markets.  Entrance to these facilities will be monitored via BruHealth app.  Many facilities subject to 30% capacity limit. On March 18, dine-in services banned in food premises, cinemas, sports facilities, museums, mosques closed. Schools online.

Gatherings of People:

Mass gatherings banned, social distancing encouraged. Close tracing and quarantine of people who may have come into contact with infected individuals.

Known Exceptions:

Takeout from food establishments are permitted.

Security/Safety Issues:

Individuals who violate Ministry of Health protocol can face a fine of up to BND10,000 and/or six-month imprisonment for the first offence. For subsequent offences, a fine of up to BND20,000 and/or up to one year imprisonment

Additional Information:

On May 20, the government announced that BruHealth contact tracing app will be mandatory in the near future.  On March 24, government launched COVID-19 app that provides information and resources for reporting symptoms for citizens of Brunei.  On April 2, the government announced that the app will now include SMS authentication, a direct reporting tool, a health education tool and FAQs, government press statements and COVID-19 hotspot tracing.  On April 15, government announced tracking bracelets for discharged patients and those under quarantine to monitor movement during self-isolation. 

Fiscal spending:

Government will pay wage subsidies (25%) for employees of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) who earn $1500 and below. Six-month deferment of Employees Trust Fund and Supplementary Contributory Pension contributions for SMEs in all sectors. On April 18, government announced $300 monthly payments over three months for over 2,000 market vendors, small business owners, taxi drivers, and tour guides.

Tax measures:

SMEs in tourism, hospitality, food and beverage, and air and water transport will receive up to 50% corporate tax discount. SMES in these sectors will also receive 15% discount on water and electricity bills and 30% discount on rental fees in government buildings. On May 7, the government announced cuts of up to 50% on annual building tax for landlords who cut or waive their commercial tenants’ rent. Landlords who reduce their monthly rent by at least 10% will have their building tax lowered by 20%. Those who decreased their rent by 20% and above will receive a 50% tax cut.

Financial measures:

Effective April 1, businesses in the tourism, hospitality/event management, restaurants/cafes, air transport sectors, and importers of food and medical supplies will receive six-month deferment on principal repayments of financing/loans. These sectors will also not be required to pay bank fees/charges (except for third party charges) for trade and transaction payments for six months. Banks encouraged to review lending rate, all customers will not have to pay online interbank transfer fees for six months.

Trade measures:

Temporary exemption of customs and duties on personal hygiene products

Additional Measures:

Darussalam Enterprise (DARe) providing online business courses to SMEs via Industry Business Academy program, also launched Co-Matching Scheme of up to BND20,000 focused on assisting business; DARe contributes 70% of funding required for business. On April 15, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah announced special monthly B$400 allowance for healthcare workers.

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
124 0 122
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

PM Hun Sen announced the continued opening of cross-border trade with neighboring countries

Known Closures:

Sao Kaeo checkpoints are currently closed.

Cross Border Issues:

Trade with neighbors remains open.

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

57 factories have closed due to raw material shortage

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

On March 14, 2020, the Cambodian authorities announced that foreigners traveling from the following countries will not be allowed to enter Cambodia: the United States, Italy, Germany, Spain, and France. On April 16, this ban has been extended until further notice. Any foreigner wishing to travel to the Kingdom of Cambodia must obtain a prior visa from Cambodian missions abroad and must provide a medical certificate, issued by competent health authorities of their country no more than 72 hours prior to the date of travel, certifying that they are not tested positive for the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Cambodian citizens must not travel to Europe, the US and Iran unless going abroad is mandatory. All national and sub-national level officials must not attend meetings held in Europe, the US and Iran. (March 30) The government suspended issuance of all tourist visas, e-visas and visas on arrival for a period of one month (April 10) Law on the Management of the Nation in a State of Emergency (State of Emergency Law) was issued to the National Assembly. 

Restricted Locations:

N/A

Gatherings of People:

PM Hun Sen banned all religious gatherings.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Cambodia team.

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Security/Safety Issues:

N/A

Additional Information:

N/A

Government put aside between US$800 million to US$2 billion for a stimulus package.

Government Resources:

  • http://www.cdcmoh.gov.kh/

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
22271 1372 5402
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

The National Emergency Status has been extended for 91 Days, starting from February 29 until May 29, 2020. 

Known Closures:

Temporary ban on all live animal imports from China effective on February 7

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

N./A

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

To control COVID-19 spread through mass exodus during Ramadhan, Indonesia issued Ministry of Transport Regulation No. 25 of 2020 prohibits land, sea, railway, and air transport are banned until May 31 for both public and private transportation. Indonesian National Police, the Army, land transport authority, and port authority are tasked to monitor the implementation and enforce administrative sanctions against violators. See the exemptions tab for further information.

 

 

Immigration Office has imposed International entry restrictions from all countries and suspended visa exemption until April 20, including Visa-On-Arrival, Diplomatic Visa and Short Visit Pass.

 

On April 21, President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) officially issued a nation-wide ban on the annual Ramadhan exodus (mudik) where millions of people will travel from big cities to their hometowns/villages across the country to celebrate Idul Fitri holiday.

Restricted Locations:

As of April 21, Ministry of Health has approved Large Scale Social Restriction (PSBB) in Jakarta, Banten, West Java, Central Java, West Sumatra, South Sulawesi, South Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, and West Papua. Jakarta has received Ministry of Health’s approval to extend its PSBB status from April 22 to May 22, 2020.

Gatherings of People:

After officially declaring COVID-19 a public health emergency on March 31, President Jokowi issued Government Regulation No. 21/2020 on large-scale social distancing (PSBB). Local governments will be able to implement PSBB subject to the approval from Ministry of Health. The minimum requirements comprises closure of schools and offices, as well as limitation of religious and public activities. 

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Indonesia team.

Known Exceptions:

Travel exemptions are given to VVIPs from government institutions and international organizations, Indonesian repatriates, as well as for law enforcement and emergency services – all subject to permits from Ministry of Transport.

Exemptions will also be given to those who travel not for mudik, for example if they have essential urgencies such as work, sick family, or family weddings.

Indonesian Citizens, Foreigners who possess permits, and essential workers are allowed to enter the country.

Emergency stay permits can be granted foreign nationals who arrived in Indonesia and received a visa after February 5, 2020. They do not need to apply for it.

Overstay fines are waived and the stay permit is free of charge.

Security/Safety Issues:

President Jokowi ordered the national police “to take proportionate law enforcement steps” for violators on social restriction.

Additional Information:

On March 23, 150,000 rapid test kits arrived from China and GoI is buying more kits from South Korea On Mar 14, National Task Force on COVID-19 was formed and led by Lt. General Doni Monardo, Head of the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB)

Stimulus:

In March, the Government Issued a Rp.62.3 trillion ($3.9 billion) fund on health care, social funds and financial incentives for enterprises.

Another Rp.120 trillion ($7.4 billion) fiscal stimulus plan was released in the form of mortgage aid, tax cuts for manufacturers and income tax exemptions for workers.

In February, Rp 10.3 trillion ($620 million) released in February through mortgage subsidies for low-income families and tax breaks for tourism, airline, and property sectors.

Based on the emergency status, the government pledged to evaluate additional Rp 3.3 trillion fund requested by National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) to for this pandemic.

Fiscal spending:

1) Rp 3.9 trillion stimulus package for tourism

consist of Rp98.5 billion ($ 6 million) incentives to airlines and travel agencies, Rp 103 billion  ($7.1 million) for tourism marketing and promotions, RP 72 billion (US$5 million) to social media influencers,  Rp 443 billion ($ 27 million) for domestic tourists discount for 10 promoted destinations for 3 months. The government will waive taxes for hoteliers and restaurants in the 10 promoted destinations for six months. Local governments will receive for total $230 million to compensate the loss of taxes.

2) Rp 10 trillion for the newly launched pre-employment card program

3) Rp 6.1 trillion for insurance and compensation for medical workers including doctors and nurses.

4) Increased social safety net from 10 million to 15 million families under Family Hope program (PKH), with a maximum of 4 people per family. According to Ministry of Social Affairs, the subsidy consists of: a) Permanent Assistance: Rp. 1,550,000/family/year, and b) Component Assistance for Everyone in PKH Family (including for Pregnant women: Rp 2,400,000; Toddlers: Rp 2,400,000; Primary School: Rp 900,000; Middle School: Rp 1,500,000l; High School: Rp 2,000,000; Severe disability: Rp 2,400,000; Seniors: Rp 2,400,000)

5) Rp 4.6 trillion rupiah ($324 million) for the Affordable Food Program (Sembako Murah) for 15 million low-income households to purchase staple food products at discounted prices. As part of the package, low-income households will also receive Rp 200,000 ($13.97) per month in financial benefits, an increase from IDR 150,000 ($10), for the next six months.

6) Rp 1.5 trillion subsidy for low-cost housing program for an addition of 175,000 new homes. Rp 800 billion ($55 million) for interest subsidy.

Tax measures:

  • GoI has started to implement Digital taxation. This took effect on March 31st under the Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) No. 1 of 2020. A ministerial regulation is being drafted by the Ministry of Finance
  • Gave tax breaks and allowances for tourism, airline, and property sectors. Exempted six month of income tax for manufacturing workers with incomes below Rp 200 million/year Waived Import taxes for raw materials for six months for 19 manufacturing industries. Cut corporate tax rate by 30 percent for six months for 19 manufacturing industries. Sped up repayment of overpaid tax without initial audits with Rp 5 billion limit, but no limit for exporters 

Financial measures:

OJK relaxed credit scoring requirements Relaxed loan restructuring requirements for MSMEs Bank Indonesia (BI) cut its interest rates by 25 basis points (bps) to 4.75 percent Lowered Deposit Facility rates by 25 bps down to 3.75% Lowered Lending Facility rates by 25 bps to 5,25% GoI is preparing a “recovery bond.” that can be bought by BI or Export/import companies that have no layoffs and maintain salaries for at least 90 percent of their employees. 

Trade measures:

GoI sped up import recommendations for food products to maintain supply and stabilize prices. Reduced import restrictions for fisheries and forestry goods (749 HS code). No Health certificate and V-legal documents required. Relaxed import restrictions for raw materials, e.g. steel, alloy steel, animal, medicine and food. Export-import processes to be sped up for reputable traders. National logistics ecosystem development to be improved. 

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
19 0 14
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

Imports of consumer goods remain normal

Known Closures:

Factories, such as garment workshops, have been ordered to close temporarily. Exceptions include factories that manufacture essential goods for daily needs, such as pharmacies and consumption goods.

Cross Border Issues:

Known Exceptions:

Additional Information:

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

International Checkpoints and prohibition of public movement for non-essential activities will be enforced from March 30 to April 19.

Domestic commercial flights will resume May 8.

Restricted Locations:

N/A

Gatherings of People:

Gatherings of more than 10 people are banned

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Laos team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Security/Safety Issues:

Minister of Labor and Social Welfare has ordered local and health authorities to monitor the self-quarantine of workers returning to Laos.

Additional Information:

Fiscal Spending:

(March 23) Government adopted a 13 measure stimulus package, not all details disclosed. Acceleration of fiscal spending projects such as Laos-China railway and expressway construction.

Tax Measures:

Tax exemption for all Laotian citizens for three months, from April to June. SMEs across all business sectors will also be exempt from income tax for three months, three-month salary tax exemption for monthly salaries below US$550, deferment of payments for affected firms.

Financial Measures:

On March 20, Bank of Lao PDR lowered reserve requirements to 8% (a 2% decrease) for foreign currencies and to 4% (a 1% decrease) for domestic currency. On March 26, BOL released guidelines that encourage lenders to restructure financing of affected debtors, provide one-year grace periods for such affected debtors, and lower interest rates as needed.

Trade Measures:

Tax and tarriff exemptions for all imported products used to combat COVID-19, proposed lowering of electricity tariffs.

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
7245 115 5945
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Government Resources:

  • http://www.moh.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/2019-ncov-wuhan
  • https://www.pmo.gov.my/special-contents/2019-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/

Intelligence & Analysis

Current Status:

Under Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO) effective May 4 until June 9.  Previously, Malaysia was under Movement Control Order (MCO) from March 18.

Known Closures:

Starting May 4, most economic sectors and businesses are allowed to resume operations during fourth phase of MCO.  Previously, all non-essential businesses were ordered to suspend operations. Restrictions remain in place for cinemas, theme parks, museums, cruise ships, stalls without fixed premises and large markets, self-service laundry, barbershops, and use of various hotel facilities.  Standard operating procedure includes social distancing measures separating people by at least one meter, use of face masks, sanitation of company property at least twice a day, monitoring and prevention of infection through symptom screening/reporting of COVID-19 symptoms, and use of protective personal equipment when social distancing is not feasible.     

Cross Border Issues:

Issues reported at beginning of Movement Control Order regarding supplies coming into and out of Malaysia at borders with Singapore and Thailand

Known Exceptions:

As of May 7, not all state governments are completely following new relaxed CMCO procedure.  Selangor, Perak, and Negri Sembalan will limit re-opening of businesses, ban dining in at restaurants, and restrict social/recreational activities.  Sabah entering CMCO but only re-opening food and agriculture, logistics, and manufacturing sectors. Penang is re-opening economic sectors gradually instead of immediately.  Sarawak will follow the CMCO but only SOPs approved by the state may be used. Johor will implement CMCO but follow SOPs of local councils. As of April 29, imports and exports of both essential and non-essential goods are now permitted.  Previously, only imports of essential goods were allowed – food and beverage items, agriculture and fisheries, household products, personal protective equipment, pharmaceuticals, packaging materials, medical and surgical devices, medical device parts, oil and gas, petrochemicals, fertilizer and pesticide, electrical and electronics (including semiconductors). On April 10, MITI announced reopening of various sectors following economic consultations: automotive industry, aerospace industry, machinery and equipment industry, construction industry, science, professional, and technical services, social health services including registered traditional medicine, full-service laundry, and hardware store services, electrical and electronic stores, and spectacles stores. Non-essential goods were moved from Port Klang, Port of Penang, and Johor Port to increase port capacity for essential goods the weekend of March 27.  Non-essential goods will be transported from Port Klang and ports in Johor, Penang, Kuantan, Melaka, Bintulu, Sarawak, and Padang Besar bordering Thailand over the weekend of April 3 to reduce port congestion for essential goods.  Non-essential goods to be removed between April 13 and April 15 from ports at Port Klang, Johor, Penang, Kuantan, Melaka, Bintulu, and Padang Besar bordering Thailand. The fourth round of port clearing exercise on April 20-April 23 was communicated to ports operators in Port Klang, Johor, Penang, Kuantan, Melaka, Bintulu, and Padang Besar, also communicated to government-owned ports.   

Additional Information:

As of April 13, twenty districts across the country remain categorized as “red zones,” areas with at least 41 positive COVID-19 cases.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

Foreigners banned from entering but allowed to leave. Malaysians banned from leaving. As of April 27, 400 Malaysian workers in Singapore allowed to return daily.

Restricted Locations:

As of April 20, total of 10 areas under enhanced movement control order (EMCO): Pusat Bandar Utara and the Selayang Wholesale Market area in Kuala Lumpur; Kampung Dato Ibrahim Majid and Bandar Baharu Dato Ibrahim Majid, Simpang Renggam, Johor; Kampung Sungai Lui, Hulu Langat, Selangor; Menara City One, Kuala Lumpur; Bangunan Selangor Mansion and Malayan Mansion, Kuala Lumpur; Masjid India in Kuala Lumpur and its surrounding encompassing Jalan Munshi Abdullah, Jalan Dang Wangi, Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Tun Perak, Jalan Melaka and Jalan Ampang – citizens are not allowed to leave places of residence even to buy essentials, government is providing food.

Gatherings of People:

Effective May 13, mass gatherings and social activities remain banned.  Gatherings of family members and neighbors from same state allowed but not with more than 20 people.  Those include religious congregations, conferences and exhibitions, face-to-face education, spectator/indoor/contact sports, and centralized labor quarters. Also effective May 4, four people from same household now allowed to travel in same car for necessities, and citizens can travel beyond 10-kilometer radius limit from place of residence.  Interstate travel remains banned.  Previously, all businesses, government premises, and places of worship closed except for essential industries. During second phase of Movement Control Order from April 1 – 14, people could not by law travel beyond 10km radius from their homes, and were only permitted to leave place of residence to purchase essential supplies or seek healthcare. By April 29, two people from same household were allowed to leave residence to purchase necessities, citizens were allowed to travel beyond 10km radius to seek out necessities or health/medical supplies and care. 

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Indonesia team.

Known Exceptions:

Effective May 17, post-graduate students allowed to resume physical research in laboratories. As of May 7, interstate travel permitted for those returning to place of residence. As of May 4, most economic sectors and businesses allowed to operate at full capacity, subject to COVID-19 standard operating procedure. As of May 7, not all state governments are following CMCO relaxations. Selangor, Perak, and Negri Sembalanngor will limit re-opening of businesses, ban dining in at restaurants, and restrict social/recreational activities. Sabah entering CMCO but only re-opening food and agriculture, logistics, and manufacturing sectors. Penang is re-opening economic sectors gradually instead of immediately. Sarawak will follow CMCO but only SOPs approved by the state must be used. Johor will implement CMCO but follow SOPs of local councils. Previously, on April 1, Ministry of Health reduced number of essential industries from 22 to 13: food, water, energy, communication and internet, security and defense, solid waste and public cleansing management and sewerage, healthcare and medical including dietary supplements, banking and finance, e-commerce, logistics for essential services, fuels and lubricants, ports and airport services, and hotels and accommodations.  On April 10, MITI announced movement control exemption for employees in automotive industry, aerospace industry, machinery and equipment industry, construction industry, science, professional, and technical services, social health services including registered traditional medicine, full-service laundry, and hardware store services, electrical and electronic stores, and spectacles stores.  

Security/Safety Issues:

Under MCO4 regulations and before, commuting employees in approved sectors must carry an employer’s authorization letter should they be stopped by authorities.  In addition, approved employers are encouraged to provide additional authorization documents for employees such as the company’s name and address, as well as the names, IC/passport numbers, position/job designations, contact information, work schedules, and necessity justifications of employees.  Firms should also provide supporting documents that include the list of essential services approved by the National Security Council and evidence of the company as included in that list.  Should an approved company’s employee be stopped from commuting even after providing these documents or an approved company in essential services be forced to cease operations by law enforcement despite compliance to Ministry of Health guidelines, employees and employers are encouraged to contact the 24-hour National Security Council Command Center Hotline at 03-88882010. Over 4,000 people have been arrested for violation of MCO and 1,500 have been charged in court.

Additional Information:

N/A

Fiscal stimulus packages released on February 27 and March 27. On April 2, government announced the formation of a special Cabinet committee of economic and security officials focusing on balancing economic and COVID-19 containment priorities. On April 6, government announced an RM10 billion additional stimulus package focused on SMEs.

Fiscal spending:

$58 billion stimulus package announced March 27: Supports businesses through tax deferment, soft loans, wage subsidies, reduction/elimination of human resources expenses, domestic investment at local and national level. April 6 SME-oriented stimulus package includes expanded wage subsidies for SMEs (RM600 per employee for companies with more than 200 employees, RM800 for companies with 76-200 employees, RM1,200 for companies with fewer than 76). Also includes RM2.1 billion special grant program for SMEs. Supports consumers through $2.3 billion in one-time payments with focus on B40. $231 million diverted toward Health Ministry, RM8 million special insurance fund for individuals instructed to undergo testing. 

Price Ceilings:

Between April 15 and April 28, government implementing price control measures for 12 goods including chicken, eggs, cooking oil, wheat flour, cabbages, and tomatoes.

Tax measures:

Deferment of income tax payment for SMEs for three months starting April 1. April 6 SME package also includes tax breaks for landlords of SMEs, as well as lowering of foreign worker levy by 25% for SMEs with employee permits expiring between April 1 and December 31 All sectors will be exempted from the Human Resource Development Fund (HRDF) levy for six months beginning in April. Interest income of banks will only be taxed after the moratorium period

Financial measures:

On May 5, Bank Negara Malaysia lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 50 basis points to 2%, its lowest level since 2010. Previously, on March 3, BNM lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 25 basis points to 2.50 percent. 

BNM lowered the Statutory Reserve Requirement (SRR) Ratio by 100 basis points to 2 percent effective 20 March 2020.

On March 23, the Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) and Bursa Malaysia suspended short-selling until April 30 to mitigate risks arising from heightened volatility and global uncertainties. The SC also waived annual licensing fees for capital market licensed entities.

On March 25, BNM announced measures temporarily easing regulatory and supervisory compliance on banks to enable them to support loan deferment and restructuring. On April 16, Securities Commission Malaysia announced relaxation of PN17 and G3 classifications for publicly traded companies, raised equity crowdfunding limits from 5 million to 10 million, stated Malaysia Co-Investment Fund will raise funding ratio from 1:4 to 1:2.

Trade measures:

N/A

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
201 6 122
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

No restrictions on goods and services.

Known Closures:

Exit and entry of people from neighboring China, India, Thailand, Laos and Bangladesh have been temporarily banned.

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

N/A

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

1) The following precautionary restriction measures have been extended until May 30:

– Temporary suspension of issuance of visa-on-arrival and e-Visa.

– Temporary suspension of all international flights operating to and from Myanmar

 

2) A nationwide curfew is now set from 12am – 4am.

 

3) Beginning April 19 until further notice, health screenings for people entering Nay Pyi Taw will be conducted at all checkpoints. A facility quarantine will be mandated if travelers display any sign of Covid-19.

Restricted Locations:

On April 29, the Ayeyarwady Region government announced that it has decided to extend a directive to tour companies and hotels to shut down from end of April to May 15. It instructed Chaung Thar, Ngwe Saung, Shwe Taung Yan beaches, Gaw Yin Gyi Island and other beaches in the region not to allow local and foreign visitors up to May 15.

Gatherings of People:

Gatherings of 5 and above are banned, effective April 17. Failure to comply results in a prison term of up to 6 months.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Myanmar team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

1) Diplomats accredited to Myanmar, UN officials with resident in Myanmar, or foreign nationals requiring to visit on urgent matters can contact Myanmar missions abroad for possible exceptions.

 

2) Relief flights, medical evacuation flights, cargo flights, and special flights which have received approval from the Department of Civil Aviation will not be affected.

 

3) Myanmar Airways International continues to operate limited relief flights to and from Seoul.

Security/Safety Issues:

N/A

Additional Information:

1) Dine-in restrictions have been lifted in certain townships in Yangon which have no confirmed cases of covid-19.

 

2) Wearing of face masks are compulsory when going out.

 

3) Stay-home restrictions have been lifted for 4 townships in Yangon which have not seen any confirmed cases of covid-19 for the past 21 days.

Fiscal Spending:

April 28- The  Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry published a comprehensive stimulus plan called “Overcoming as One: COVID-19 Relief Plan”, outlining budget allocation, stronger ties between government and businesses via public-private partnerships, and cooperation with international financial institutions.

Provide MMK 100 billion (US $ 72 million) 1-year working capital loans to improve working capital of affected Myanmar Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) with a focus on the hotel and tourism sectors, and the Cut-Make-Pack (CMP) industry.

Reallocation of up to 10% of 2019-2020 budget directed to government entities.

Tax Measures:

1) Defer corporate income tax to Q2 and Q3 to September 30, 2020.

2) Defer commercial tax to September 30, 2020.

3) Waive 2% Withholding Tax on exports.

4) Waive Special Goods Tax on medical supplies and products required to prevent, control and treat Covid-19.

5) Waive Customs Duty and Commercial Tax related to import of medical supplies.

Financial Measures:

Soft loans are disbursed at 1% interest for a one-year period for SMEs, and businesses in the garment and tourism sectors. The Central Bank of Myanmar will reduce policy interest rates from 9.5 to 8.5 effective April 1. Bank deposit rates stand at 6.5%, and lending rates have an 11.5% ceiling for collateralized loans and 14.5% for unsecured loans. Ministry of Investment reduces investment application fees by half for both national and foreign investors. 

Trade Measures:

1) Waive import licensing and FDA approval process as long as a foreign FDA has approved the products; expedite and facilitate importation processes for medical supplies required for COVID-19 response

2) Promote trade financing by establishing MMK 100 billion fund to designated commercial banks.

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
14035 868 3249
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

IATF Resolution No. 20 series of 2020 modified the Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ) during May 16-31 covering Metro Manila, Laguna, Cebu City. Under EO112 series of 2020, any “community quarantine” by a local government unit, regardless of nomenclature, ceased to take effect on 12:01 a.m. of May 1. All decisions to impose, lift, or extend a community quarantine in provinces, cities and municipalities will rest with the Inter-agency Task Force on Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID). Provincial Governors may impose, lift or extend ECQ in component and municipalities upon the concurrence of the relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF-EID. Mayors of Cities and Municipalities are also authorized to impose, lift or extend ECQ in villages, upon the concurrence of the relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF-EID. This is without prejudice to the authority of the IATF to DIRECTLY impose, lift or extend ECQ in these areas, should circumstances call for it. The whole country is under a state of calamity. Congress has granted emergency powers to President Duterte until June 25, 2020 and could extend this period.

Known Closures:

May 16-31. Under Modified ECQ (MCEQ): Metro Manila, Laguna, Cebu City. Under GCQ with localized ECQ: Luzon: Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Baguio City, Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino , Santiago City; Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan , Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales , Angeles City*, Olongapo City; Cavite*, Quezon, Rizal, Batangas, Lucena City. Visayas: Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, Siquijor, Mandaue City, Lapu-Lapu City. Mindanao: Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga City, Isabela City; Davao City*, Davao de Oro*,  Davao  del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental; and Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte , Surigao del Sur, Butuan City.

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

Modified ECQ: Modified ECQ: Essential industries like health care, pharmacies, veterinary clinics, food manufacturing and supply chains, and groceries can operate at full capacity. But there will be an addition to these allowed industries – certain manufacturing and processing plants, which can operate at only 50% capacity. More commercial establishments can also operate at 50% capacity. There will still be no public transportation. Private shuttles will be allowed but only for essential work and services. Private cars are allowed as long as only two people sit per row. Motorcycles, bicycles, and e-scooters allowed with only one rider.                                                                                     

ECQ and GCQ guidelines for sectors:

CATEGORY I with full operational capacity during ECQ and GCQ: agriculture, forestry, fisheries,  food manufacturing and food supply businesses, hospitals, logistics services, power, energy, water, waste collection, sewerage, telecommunications sectors, essential groceries, public markets, and drug stores, delivery services, laundry shops, gasoline stations, construction workers, and media companies.

CATEGORY II sectors with 50% to 100% operations for  BOTH ECQ and GCQ: mining and quarrying, electronic commerce, postal and courier services, export-oriented companies, computer and household goods repair, housing service, funeral and embalming services, veterinary clinics, and security and investigation; limited accommodation business.

CATEGORY II sectors with 50% to 100% operations for under GCQ ONLY: manufacturing activities (beverages, cement and steel, textiles, tobacco, paper, rubber and plastic products, computer products, machinery and equipment, and transport equipment and vehicles); public and private construction projects and office administrative and support activities.

CATEGORY III sectors with up to 50% work on site, WFH arrangements for BOTH ECQ and GCQ: Employment activities such as recruitment and placement; BPOs, banks, money transfer services, pawnshops, microfinance institutions, rental and leasing activities, and operation of capital markets.

CATEGORY III sectors with up to 50% work on site, WFH arrangements for GCQ ONLY: malls and commercial centers, financial services, legal and accounting, management consultancy, architecture and engineering, scientific and research development, advertising and market research, and computer programming,  publishing and printing, film, music, and television production, photography services, barbershops and salon, and other non-leisure wholesale and retail establishments (hardware stores, bookstores, school and office supplies stores, baby care supplies stores).

Additional Information:

The PEZA issued Memorandum Circular No. 2020-0019 (Rev 1) and directed the continued online validation of electronic import permits (eIP) and online endorsement of validated eIP to the Bureau of Customs Manila International Container Port, Ninoy Aquino International Airport, and Port of Manila.

Joint Administrative Order No. 1 was released adopting processes for expedited release of refrigerated containers and dry vans during the ECQ.

The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) issued Memorandum Circular 02-14 listing down allowed movement of goods and personnel for Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) companies and export enterprises, and their service providers during the ECQ.

The DTI issued Memorandum Circular 20-17 for the extension of expiring Philippine Standard (PS) licenses until July 31. However, extension is still subject to the licensee’s submission of application for renewal. PS licenses are issued for wiring devices, cement, steel, plastic pipes and conduits, sanitary wares, ceramics, etc.

The Philippine Ports Authority issued 8,000 IATF IDs to ensure movement of cargo. 

The IATF approved a prototype of a Supply Chain Analysis dashboard application to address bottlenecks in supply, distribution, and movement of goods.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

May 16-31 MECQ: No domestic flights, no inter-island travel, limited international flights, Filipinos from abroad will be allowed to fly home. Overseas travel is prohibited during the ECQ. Inbound international passengers transiting in Luzon during the ECQ shall be allowed entry subject to applicable quarantine procedures. Temporary travel ban on nationals in 14 health professions (including doctors and nurses) to work overseas is in effect, but health professionals who have existing contracts abroad can be leave the country. There is a temporary ban on foreigners entering the country. Only OFWs, repatriating Filipinos, their foreign spouses and children (provided that the foreign spouse and children are traveling with the Filipino national), and foreign government or international organization officials accredited by the Philippines, and foreign airline crew members are allowed to enter the country.

Restricted Locations:

Please see note on “Restriction in Movement of goods”
Accommodation business can operate under CATEGORY II sectors with 50% to 100% operations for BOTH ECQ and GCQ but limited to guests who have existing bookings for foreigners as of May 1 (for areas outside Luzon), guests who have existing long-term bookings, distressed or repatriated OFWs, stranded foreign nationals, non-OFWs who are required to undergo a mandatory facility-based quarantine, and healthcare workers and other employees from exempted establishments approved by the national government.

Gatherings of People:

Prohibited to operate under ECQ and GCQ: Gyms and sports facilities; entertainment-related mass gatherings such as theaters, cinemas; concerts; business-related mass gatherings such as trade shows, conferences, conventions; politically-related mass gatherings; sports-related mass gatherings; libraries/museums; gambling and betting activities; travel agencies, tour operators, reservation services; activities of membership organizations and religious mass gatherings. Those ages below 21 those 60 and above may not enter commercial areas except to obtain essential goods and services.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Philippines team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

Overseas travel will be limited to Overseas Filipino Workers, permanent residents, student visa holders, and foreign nationals.

Security/Safety Issues:

Local government units implementing varying regulations are confusing to businesses and people. Government agencies may contradict each other in issuing policies. There are varying responses of police in enforcing the ECQ policies (different penalties). There are reported instances of violent dispersals.

There are issues at checkpoints regarding passes being required by different LGUs. Government and private sector are developing a RapidPass system for easy passage of at checkpoints.

Areas under GCQ have no written guidelines yet.

Additional Information:

Government, together with volunteers from private sector, launched FASSSTER, a user-friendly tool for modeling disease spreads in the Philippines to aid in disease surveillance efforts.

RapidPass went live. It will allow frontliners and cargo to pass through checkpoints faster with the use of a QR code.

The DTI issued Memorandum Circular 02-14 listing down allowed movement of goods and personel for BPOs, export enterprises, and their service providers during the ECQ.

Health professionals who have existing contracts abroad can be leave the country. This comes after a deployment ban which prevented doctors and nurses from leaving the country.

The government passed an emergency powers legislation allowing the president to realign from the savings of the current budget of the Executive Department to fund measures that address the pandemic.

The Philippine Congress is putting together a legislation for a recovery package. Several proposed bills are pending in Congress.

Fiscal spending:

Social Amelioration package announced for the low income households (up to US$3.9 billion)

Rental holiday for those in aviation industry extended to April 30.

Trade and Industry Department announced one month moratorium on residential and commercial rent payment for small businesses

Budget and Management Department determines which projects can be discontinued and which funds can be deemed abandoned to use savings for pandemic response. Various agencies of government are remitting to the Bureau of Treasury to inject cash.

Agriculture Department rolled out Php3 billion cash assistance to farmers.

Finance Secretary reported that government is still studying the economic relief package

Gov’t is looking to implement a P120-billion credit guarantee program for small businesses.

On April 27, the Philippine Guarantee Corporation (PhilGuarantee) approved a Credit Guarantee Program for MSMEs to provide guarantee coverage of 50% of principal loans extended by PhilGuarantee accredited lending banks and financial institutions.

Tax measures:

Emergency legislation empowers president to direct all financial institutions to implement a minimum of a thirty (30)-day grace period for the payment of all loans and to move the statutory deadlines for filing and submissions of documents, payment of taxes, fees and charges

Imported donations of medical supplies shall be exempt from donor’s tax, VAT, excise and other fees

Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) released RR 07-2020 implementing the extension of statutory deadlines and timelines for the filing and submission of any documents and the payment of taxes (including refunds)

BIR released RR 08-2020 implementing the directive unto banks, quasi-banks, financing companies, lending companies, and financial institutions to implement a minimum 30-day grace period for payment of all loands, including salary, personal housing, motor vehicle loans, credit card payments falling due within the ECQ

BIR further extended filing of income tax returns until May 30 under RR 10-2020.

The BIR issued RR 11-2020 on the extension of statutory deadlines for the submission and/or filing of documents and/or returns as well as payment of taxes.

The government is looking to implement an enhanced net operating loss carryover of five years.

Financial measures:

(March 20) Monetary Board decided to cut the interest rate on the Central Bank’s overnight reverse repurchase facility by 50 basis points to 3.25%

(April 6) The President directed the Finance Minister to implement measures in order to generate more funding

Central Bank’s Monetary Board granted of regulatory and rediscounting relief measures for financial institutions.

Central Bank purchased Php300 billion worth government securities in a repurchase agreement to inject cash.

The Central Bank trimmed the minimum liquidity ratio (MLR) requirement of smaller lenders until the year’s end.

It was reported that the Finance Department is eyeing to borrow US$6 billion. The World Bank approved of a $500 million loan.

The Central Bank is eyeing to cut interest rates further.

The ADB signed a $1.5-billion loan for its COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support program. It also approved a $200 million loan.

May 5: The Monetary Board approved measures to assist the MSME including (a) temporary reduction in the credit risk weights of loans granted to MSMEs that are current in status, and (b) assignment of a lower risk weight for MSME exposures that are covered by guarantees.

Trade measures:

Entry of imported donations of medical supplies will be excise exempt.

Ensuring enough supply of rice for 14 days; Coordination between national government and local to allow unhampered movement of essential goods; Price freeze for essential goods.

According to the President’s April 6 report, the National Economic Development Authority is creating a national supply chain plan for essential products

Government Resources:

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
31616 23 14876
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

The city-state is open to the flow of essential goods and services. “Circuit breaker” rules are in place and most workplaces are shut down. The Circuit breaker period has been extended to June 1. Food manufacturers, hairdressers, specified food retail outlets and laundry services have been permitted to resume operations starting Tuesday, May 12.

Known Closures:

Prohibited activities: use of condominium facilities including pools and gyms, public sports facilities, dining in, socializing in group settings, alternative medicine such as Indian traditional medicine and chiropractic care, and any activity leading to congregating in groups.

Cross Border Issues:

(March 25) There is the Enhanced Movement Control Order of Malaysia until April 14 which affects the Malaysia-Singapore border crossing

Known Exceptions:

Exempt from work closure/suspension: those necessary to support the daily living needs of the population. From May 5, these activities shall be allowed: Acupuncture for pain management, sale of retail products by traditional Chinese medicine halls, exercise within common areas of strata-titled residential buildings. From May 12, these activities shall be allowed: Manufacturing and onsite preparation of all food, retail food outlets for take away and delivery, home-based food businesses for delivery or collection, laundry services, salons for haircuts, retail of pet supplies. From May 19, schools may conduct lessons face-to-face or informal sessions with graduating batches given priority. Student attendance will not be compulsory.

Additional Information:

For workplaces that are allowed to remain open, they have to operate with minimal staff on premises, implement strict safe-distancing measures, employees to avoid social interactions. Firms may be required to suspend operations if staff get infected. There are challenges in maintaining trade flow due to the shocks in global supply chain. There is a priority on diversifying food supply sources.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

From 23 March 2020, 2359 hours, all short-term visitors (from anywhere in the world) will not be allowed entry into Singapore, or to transit through Singapore. Singapore has also ceased port calls for all cruise vessels. From 9 April 2020, 2359 hours, all Singapore Citizens, Permanent Residents and Long Term Pass holders entering Singapore will be – required to serve a 14-day self-isolation at dedicated Stay-Home Notice (SHN) facilities. From 27 March 2020, 0900 hours, returnees will also be required to submit a health declaration via the SG Arrival Card (SGAC) e-Service, before proceeding with immigration clearance. The public is advised to defer all travel.

Restricted Locations:

Prohibited activities: use of condominium facilities including pools and gyms, public sports facilities, dining in, socializing in group settings, alternative medicine such as Indian traditional medicine and chiropractic care, and any activity leading to congregating in groups.

Gatherings of People:

People are to stay home and are only to go out of their houses for essential services. Any group seen gathering in public will immediately be issued a written warning under circuit breaker measures. Second-time offenders will be fined and third time offenders will be charged in court..

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Singapore team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

From May 5, these activities shall be allowed: Acupuncture for pain management, sale of retail products by traditional Chinese medicine halls, exercise within common areas of strata-titled residential buildings. From May 12, these activities shall be allowed: Manufacturing and onsite preparation of all food, retail food outlets for take away and delivery, home-based food businesses for delivery or collection, laundry services, salons for haircuts, retail of pet supplies. From May 19, schools may conduct lessons face-to-face or informal sessions with graduating batches given priority. Student attendance will not be compulsory.

Security/Safety Issues:

Singapore is in the midst of election preparations and the threat of the virus poses safety issues.

It is mandatory for everyone to wear a mask when they step out. Those who do not risk a $300 fine for first-time offenders.

Cases in foreign dormitories are increasing exponentially.

Additional Information:

The TraceTogether app was rolled out by the government whereby people in SIngapore who opt into the app can record other app users within the vicinity for the last 21 days. This is to help in contact tracing.

February 18 – National Budget 2020 included measures worth over S$6.4 billion in response to covid-19. March 26 – a Resiliency Fund was introduced with an additional S$48 billion. On April 6, it announced its third stimulus package S$5.1billion (US$3.55 billion).

Singapore passed a Temporary Measures Act to grant relief for parties unable to meet contractual obligations during the pandemic.

Fiscal spending:

The support to businesses shall be in the form of 3C’s: cash flow, cost, and credit. Support to workers and businesses in the form of the the Jobs Support Scheme, Wage Credit Scheme, Self-Employed Person Income Relief Scheme, Self-Employed Person Training Support Scheme

Support to workers and businesses in the form of the the Jobs Support Scheme, Wage Credit Scheme, Self-Employed Person Income Relief Scheme, Self-Employed Person Training Support Scheme, Temporary Bridging Loan Programme, Enterprise Financing Scheme – Working Capital Loan, and Enterprise Financing Scheme – Trade Loan

SGUnited Jobs initiative to create 10,000 jobs over the next year, SGUnited Traineeships, and the advance use of SkillsFuture Credit top-ups beginning April 2020.

There are additional targeted support for the following sectors: aviation, tourism, food services, land transport, maritime, arts & culture.

Tax measures:

Property tax rebates (up to 100% for non-residential; 60%-100% for affected sectors)

Automatic deferment of income tax payments for companies and self-employed persons for three months

Corporate income tax rebate of 25% of tax payable, capped at $15,000 for Year of Assessment 2020.

There is a freeze on all government fees and charges from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021; all student loan repayment and interest charges shall be suspended for one year from 1 June 2020 to 31 May 2021;all late payment charges on HDB mortgage arrears shall be suspended for three months

Wage support extended until May during the Circuit breaker period

Financial measures:

On March 26, the Monetary Authority of Singapore announced it would begin utilizing its $60 billion dollar bilateral swap line with the US Federal Reserve to provide additional US dollar funding to banks in Singapore.

Banks and finance companies may apply for low-cost funding through a new MAS SGD Facility.

SMEs may opt to defer principal payments on their secured term loans up to 31 December 2020

Individuals with unsecured credit facilities from banks or other credit card issuers may apply to their respective lender to convert their outstanding balances to term loans at a reduced rate of interest, capped at 8%.

Cash flow shall be supported by increasing the maximum loan quantum (up to S$1 million, USD695K) under Enterprise Financing Scheme – SME Working Capital Loan

Trade measures:

Initiated a Joint Ministerial Statement with like-minded countries that affirms commitment to keeping supply chains open and connected. Also includes commitment to work to identify trade disruptions and keep trade flows open amidst the COVID-19 crisis.

Reaffirmed commitment with China to maintain supply chain connectivity between both countries for the flow of goods

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
3040 56 2921
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

Exports for eggs suspended for one month (beginning April 1) to keep up with local demand. Shops selling essential goods and services such as banks, factories, markets, financial institutions, gas stations and online deliveries will continue to operate.

Known Closures:

Thailand will start to reopen some businesses starting on May 3. Categories of businesses that will reopen include: small retailers, street food stalls, restaurants outside shopping malls, parks, and outdoor sport facilities.

Cross Border Issues:

Borders are open for the movement of goods and services.

Known Exceptions:

Thailand has opened four ports along the Mekong River to resume trade with China. Operation in the four ports will be limited to three days a week, and travelers are prohibited for the time being.

Additional Information:

On May 1, the Royal Gazette published an announcement allowing for the sale of alcohol starting on May 3, but consumption of alcohol in restaurants will still be banned. 

 

On April 21, Energy Minister Sontirat Sontijirawong announced that the cabinet approved a measure to waive or cut electricity charges for three months, from March until May, and covers 22 million households. The measure is intended to help lessen the burden of electricity charges for households, as a way to assist those who are working from home due to COVID-19.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

The Civil Aviation Authority of Thailand (CAAT) has extended the ban on all incoming international flights until   June 30. Foreigners are also banned from entering Thailand at all points, until at least May 31.

 

The CAAT has also extended the closure of Phuket airport until further notice though initially set to reopen on May 15.

 

All temporary visa holders have been granted an automatic extension allowing them to stay in Thailand until July 31. The 90-day reporting rule for foreigners with a one-year visa is also suspended until July 31.

 

Travelers on domestic flights are subjected to quarantine measures put forth by different provinces.

Restricted Locations:

Gyms, sports stadiums, nightclubs, spas, massage parlours, and venues with high-risk of infection in Bangkok, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Nakhon Pathom, Samut Prakan, and Samut Sakhon are closed. Inter-provincial travel is discouraged. Phuket island enters lockdown beginning March 30 until at least the end of April; boats, cars & trucks providing essential goods and services are exempted.

Gatherings of People:

Large gatherings are banned.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Thailand team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

The temporary travel ban does not affect work permit holders, shippers, diplomats, drivers, pilots and others permitted by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha. Every person must possess a Medical Certificate to enter the Kingdom. Exceptions to the curfew include medical and banking personnel, logistic workers handling essentail goods, individuals working normal nigh shifts.

Security/Safety Issues:

Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha announced a curfew on April 2. All people are banned from leaving their homes from 10pm to 4am starting April 3.

Additional Information:

Nonthaburi province’s curfew from 11pm – 5am is effective March 31. Exemptions are emergencies and deliveries. Hotels in Phuket will no longer allow new guests effective April 4. Thai Smile halts domestic flights until April 30. The State of Emergency Decree has been extended until May 31. Inbound flights will be banned until May 31, and curfew will remain in effect from 10pm to 4am.

Fiscal Spending:

US$ 12.7 billion stimulus package, announced on March 12, aimed at assisting all sectors of the economy. There is THB 5,000 handout to each self-employed person affected by the economic challenges. Up to now 21 million people have applied to this scheme. On April 7, Thai cabinet approved third $58 billion stimulus package that includes US$18.4 billion in support for affected workers and the self-employed, an extension of US$153 monthly payouts to 9 million workers until September, and US$12.2 billion for infrastructure investment and creation of local jobs

Tax Measures:

Withholding taxes for businesses have been reduced to 1.5%. Personal income tax deadline has been moved to August 31.

Financial Measures:

Soft loans will enable commercial banks to lend at 2%. Third package includes plans for Bank of Thailand to divert US$15.3 billion in soft loans toward mid-sized firms, BoT will also establish the Corporate Bond Liquidity Stabilization Fund, which will add US$12.2 billion to the corporate bond market

Trade Measures:

N/A

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
325 0 267
Today 2:03 am (1 hour ago)

National Responses

Current Status:

April 24, 2020: Prime Minister’s Directive 19 on Continued COVID-19 Prevention and Control, lifted the lockdown.

April 1, 2020: Prime Minister’s Decision 447/QD-TTg 2020: Declaration of COVID-19 epidemic.

Known Closures:

N/A

Cross Border Issues:

Vietnam has approved the reopening of sub-border gates and border crossings in Lang Son and Quang Ninh provinces connecting with China to ease trade between the two countries.

Known Exceptions:

Inter-province and intra-province transportation can resume operations under the Ministry of Transport’s instructions and with safety precautions. Domestic air transportation is to follow special procedures to ensure public health safety.

Additional Information:

On April 16, the National Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control announced different schemes for social distancing for each localities, based on risk factors. Localities other than “High-risk” (Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, Lao Cai, Quang Ninh, Bac Ninh, Ninh Binh, Quang Nam, Binh Thuan, Khanh Hoa, Tay Ninh, and Ha Tinh) are to follow Directive 15 and 16 to April 22. Some manufacturing and business activites are allowed to resume after April 15 on the condition that epidemiological safety measures are taken.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

International air travel, except for transit flights, are suspended until further notice. Limited domestic flights with plans for gradual increase in frequency. Land borders with Laos and Cambodia are strictly closed for human movement.

Restricted Locations:

On April 16, the National Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control announced different schemes for social distancing for each localities, based on risk factors. On April 22, the Committee revised the category as followed: “At-risk” localities: Thuong Tin area of Hanoi; “High-risk” localities: Ho Chi Minh City, Bac Ninh, Ha Giang; “Low-risk” localities: the remaining provinces. At-risk location is to continue Directive 16 on limited lockdown.

For “at-risk” localities: Production sites and logistics operations are exempted but employers have to make sure that their employees follow all government-mandated hygienic protocols, including site disinfection, 2-m distance and wearing masks. Travel from virus-hit areas to other places is only exempted for emergency government duty, food and other essentials, commute by workers and engineers to and from work. Everyone is only allowed to go out on essential business such as to get food and medicine, to be hospitalized and to go to work in production sites and stores that are essential business. Each local government shall determine the list of the essential services and products which will remain open.

Gatherings of People:

For “at-risk” localities: Groups of over 2 people each are banned in public and outside of offices, schools and hospitals. Each room shall have no more than 20 people at the same time. 2m social distancing strictly enforced in all places. Schools are closed.

Groups of over 20 people (for high-risk) or over 30 people (for low-risk) each are banned in public and outside of offices, schools and hospitals. Each room shall have no more than 20 people at the same time. 1-m social distancing strictly enforced in all places. Schools are open at reduced capacity and alternate schedule.

Procedures for Exemption:

Please contact the US-ABC Vietnam team.

Known Exceptions:

Operation of commercial services such as retails, lotteries, hotel and lodging, restaurants, sport centers, heritage sites, and tourist attractions are allowed to resume as long as safety precautions are in places, including providing personal protective gears for staff, taking body temperature of guests, and installing public hand sanitizers. Inter-province and intra-province transportation can resume operations under the Ministry of Transport’s instructions and with safety precautions. Air transportation is to follow special procedures to ensure public health safety. Schools are to also disinfect facility and combine online learning to protect the students’ health. Factories and manufacturing facilities are to continue operations under safety precautions for employees and workers. As of May 7, non-essential businesses including bars, pubs, clubs and discos, beauty salons, massage parlors, karaoke lounges, barbers, and hairdresser have been allowed to resume under safety precautions. Religious activities in Vietnam were allowed to resume from May 8 but with preventive measures for large gatherings.

 

For incoming travelers, exemptions are made for diplomats, government officials and high-skilled corporate employees traveling on official business but they have to be quarantined for 14 days in their home, hotel or premise.

Security/Safety Issues:

Punitive measures for non-compliance are not specified. Burden is on local government to enforce.

Additional Information:

All new arrivals at port of entry who are allowed in will be screened for any COVID-19 symptoms and sent to quarantine for 14 days or the hospital for treatment. Returning Vietnamese nationals shall be quarantined for 14 days in government-run facilities. People arrived in the country since March 8 but have not been quarantined will be screened for medical condition and tested.

Vietnam’s Immigration Department has announced that it will extend temporary residence permits for those that have entered before March 1 until the end of June 30. Foreigners that have entered on visa-free policies, e-visas, or tourist visas since March 1 will also be entitled to the same automatic extension program until June 30.

As of May 7, Vietnamese domestic carriers are allowed to remove social distancing restrictions on aircraft and limitations on the number of passengers from May 7. Passengers on planes are no longer required to sit one seat apart, but they still have to keep a distance of one meter from each other while going through procedures at airports until boarding.

Fiscal spending:

On April 9, the Government approved a US$2.66 billion social welfare package for people affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on removing difficulties in production and businesses and accelerating the disbursement of public investment. Of the seven groups subject to the package, six will benefit from the State budget while the remaining group – businesses – will be allowed to access bank loans with a zero percent interest rate to support their workers.

Tax measures:

Tax deferment is being proposed for VAT, CIT and PIT to Q3 & Q4, for a total of $3.5 bn. On March 10, MOF released a draft decree on the extension of Value-added tax (VAT), personal income tax (PIT) and land rental fee for affected industries, including agriculture, forestry, fishery; manufacturing and processing food; weaving; costumes; shoes; products from rubber; electronic products, computers; transportation; accommodation and catering; activities of travel agents, tour operators and support services related to tourism promotion and organization. The deadline for payment of VAT will be extended to December 15, 2020 for individuals and business households in the listed affected industries and will be extended by 5 months for companies declaring VAT on a quarterly basis (Q1-Q2) or on a monthly basis (March-June). The deadline for the first payment of 2020 for those who directly lease land from the State, those who pay land rental fee on an annual basis, or in the listed affected industries, will be extended by 5 months. On April 3, the Ministry of Finance submitted a new proposal increasing the total value of tax deferment to US$7.82 billion and added new eligible sectors.

Financial measures:

On April 13, the government has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Industry and Trade to decrease the retail price of electricity by 10 per cent over the course of three months, in April, May, and June. On February 24, SBV ordered commercial banks to eliminate, cut, or delay interest payments on loans to companies facing losses due to the COVID-19 outbreak. On March 13, SBV issued Circular No. 01/2020/TT-NHNN directing the credit institutions, the foreign bank branches to restructure the repayment periods, waive and reduce the interest and fees, maintain the debt classifications in order to support those customers affected by COVID-19 epidemic (Circular 01).

Tax Measures:

April 9, 2020: Prime Minister approved Decree No 41/2020/NĐ-CP: extending deadlines for tax and land use fee payments to support businesses suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of USD 7.8 Billion The decree took effect immediately. The extension would be five months from the deadline for payments. 1. Agro-forestry-fishery 2. Food processing, Textile, garment, Construction industry 3. Transportation, Warehouse, Accommodation and catering, Education, Medical services 4. Part-supply industry 5. Small and micro – sized enterprises and credit institutions and branches of foreign banks which provided support to their customers who were hit by the COVID-19 pandemic following the requirements of the State Bank of Việt Nam.

Trade measures:

On February 28, the Government issued Resolution 20/NQ-CP on applying the export licensing regime on medical masks amid COVID-19 prevention and control. Pursuant to the Resolution, the MOH issued Decision 868/QD-BYT dated March 11 to apply the regime and only allows exports of medical masks for international aid and assistance purposes granted by the Vietnam Government (maximum of 25 percent of the output for exports and 75 percent for domestic use).

On March 24, Vietnam Customs has stopped issuing clearance for rice shipments to ensure food security, under the Prime Minister’s instruction as part of the wider COVID-19 response. The Prime Minister said the ban would be in place until March 28 as the government review the national stockpile and ensure domestic supplies can cope with the pandemic. As of March 30, the ban is still in place.

Intelligence & Analysis

Case data from WHO, CDC, ECDC, NHC and DXY. Compiled by JHU CSSE