COVID-19 ASEAN Digital Dashboard

Understanding COVID-19's Impact on Business

The US-ASEAN Business Council is closely tracking the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic  This interactive report provides a resource for our members and the public on the national responses of ASEAN Member States and timely analysis on the consequences of these measures on business.

Situation by Country

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

No restrictions on cross-border delivery of goods. Discussions to reopen the borders to Singapore, China and Malaysia are ongoing. No decision has been reached at the moment. Brunei bans all non-essential travel to and from its borders.

Known Closures:

N/A

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

Special exemptions for work and family related non-essential travel to and from the borders is to be evaluated by the government through an application.

Additional Information:

Operating hours of Temburong Bridge revised to 6:00am to 6:00pm

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:


Brunei Darussalam is still imposing travel restriction. Brunei’s temporary flying program has started from August until October 24, 2020, including direct flights to Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, Hangzhou, Manila, Melbourne, and London (in September). Starting September 1, Singapore waives the home quarantine requirement for travelers from Brunei. As of August 31, Brunei’s borders remain closed to leisure travelers.

Foreign workers in the oil and gas industry entering Brunei are required to undergo COVID-19 swab test in their country prior to their arrival in Brunei and in Brunei upon arriving. Starting October 1, citizens and foreign nationals will be charged a $3 entry and exit fees at land border checkpoints.

The entry ban to Brunei and transit ban at Brunei International Airport are still in place for all foreign nationals including those who have visas. In addition, all visitors arriving into Brunei must take COVID-19 test and undergo a 14-day self-isolation at the monitoring centers. All citizens and permanent residents of Brunei are restricted from leaving the country. Exception can be given to those who travel for a medical care, attending court hearings, or resuming study abroad, upon approval by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO). Foreign workers in the oil and gas industry entering Brunei are required to undergo COVID-19 swab test in their country prior to their arrival in Brunei and in Brunei upon arriving.

Restricted Locations:

Starting May 16, restrictions on six types of premises will be lifted: restaurants, gyms and sports facilities, driving schools, and stalls and markets.  Entrance to these facilities will be monitored via BruHealth app.  Many facilities subject to 30% capacity limit. On March 18, dine-in services banned in food premises, cinemas, sports facilities, museums, mosques closed. Schools online.

Gatherings of People:

Despite two new imported COVID-19 case as of August 20, the government has no plan to change its de-escalation plans as of August 17. Number of people permitted at mass gatherings increased from 100 to 200 people. Since August 3, places of worship other than mosques and suras are allowed to operate as normal. Group religious activities are permitted to resume with no more than 100 people for 2 hours. Several activities including special needs centers, childcare facilities, eateries, public transportation, and driving schools have resumed operations at full capacity. Other activities are resuming at the following capacity starting August 17: cinemas at 80%, swimming pools at 80%, and internet cafes at 90%. Team sports are now permitted for no more than 15 individuals participating in one training session. Organized sports games are still prohibited. Schools nationwide increased their capacity for in-person classes and resume their academic session at full capacity.

Known Exceptions:

Takeout from food establishments are permitted.

Security/Safety Issues:

Individuals who violate Ministry of Health protocol can face a fine of up to BND10,000 and/or six-month imprisonment for the first offence. For subsequent offences, a fine of up to BND20,000 and/or up to one year imprisonment

Additional Information:

On May 20, the government announced that BruHealth contact tracing app will be mandatory in the near future.  On March 24, government launched COVID-19 app that provides information and resources for reporting symptoms for citizens of Brunei.  On April 2, the government announced that the app will now include SMS authentication, a direct reporting tool, a health education tool and FAQs, government press statements and COVID-19 hotspot tracing.  On April 15, government announced tracking bracelets for discharged patients and those under quarantine to monitor movement during self-isolation. 

Fiscal spending:

Government will pay wage subsidies (25%) for employees of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) who earn $1500 and below. Six-month deferment of Employees Trust Fund and Supplementary Contributory Pension contributions for SMEs in all sectors. On April 18, government announced $300 monthly payments over three months for over 2,000 market vendors, small business owners, taxi drivers, and tour guides.

Tax measures:

SMEs in tourism, hospitality, food and beverage, and air and water transport will receive up to 50% corporate tax discount. SMES in these sectors will also receive 15% discount on water and electricity bills and 30% discount on rental fees in government buildings. On May 7, the government announced cuts of up to 50% on annual building tax for landlords who cut or waive their commercial tenants’ rent. Landlords who reduce their monthly rent by at least 10% will have their building tax lowered by 20%. Those who decreased their rent by 20% and above will receive a 50% tax cut.

Financial measures:

Effective April 1, businesses in the tourism, hospitality/event management, restaurants/cafes, air transport sectors, and importers of food and medical supplies will receive six-month deferment on principal repayments of financing/loans. These sectors will also not be required to pay bank fees/charges (except for third party charges) for trade and transaction payments for six months. Banks encouraged to review lending rate, all customers will not have to pay online interbank transfer fees for six months.

Trade measures:

Temporary exemption of customs and duties on personal hygiene products

Additional Measures:

Darussalam Enterprise (DARe) providing online business courses to SMEs via Industry Business Academy program, also launched Co-Matching Scheme of up to BND20,000 focused on assisting business; DARe contributes 70% of funding required for business. On April 15, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah announced special monthly B$400 allowance for healthcare workers.

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

PM Hun Sen announced the continued opening of cross-border trade with neighboring countries

Known Closures:

Sao Kaeo checkpoints are currently closed.

Cross Border Issues:

Trade with neighbors remains open.

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

57 factories have closed due to raw material shortage

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

On March 14, 2020, the Cambodian authorities announced that foreigners traveling from the following countries will not be allowed to enter Cambodia: the United States, Italy, Germany, Spain, and France. On April 16, this ban has been extended until further notice. Any foreigner wishing to travel to the Kingdom of Cambodia must obtain a prior visa from Cambodian missions abroad and must provide a medical certificate, issued by competent health authorities of their country no more than 72 hours prior to the date of travel, certifying that they are not tested positive for the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Cambodian citizens must not travel to Europe, the US and Iran unless going abroad is mandatory. All national and sub-national level officials must not attend meetings held in Europe, the US and Iran.(March 30) Government suspended issuance of all tourist visas, e-visas and visas on arrival for a period of one month (April 10) Law on the Management of the Nation in a State of Emergency (State of Emergency Law) was issued to the National Assembly.  As of (May 20), several travel restrictions have been lifted-this includes travelers from U.S, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Iran. The travelers are required to show Covid-19 medical certificate, proving negative status, granted up to 72 hours before entry. They are also to obtain medical insurance covering at least $50,000 in expenses and pay US$3,000 deposit to cover Covid-19 costs. This excludes embassy officials and international organization staff holding type A and B visas. Upon arrival, all passengers are to undergo a Covid-19 testing. If one or more passengers are tested positive, all accompanying passengers will be going through a 14-day facility quarantine. If not, travelers will be put under self-isolation at homes. On the 14th day of self-isolation, there will be a second Covid-19 test. The suspension of all visa free entry and issuance of e-visas and visas-on-arrival remains unchanged. For urgent travel, all foreigners can obtain visa in advance (only official and diplomatic).

Restricted Locations:

(May 27) Cambodian citizens will no longer be held to the same stringent entry requirements as foreigners (medical certificate and insurance). (June 29) The requirement of providing US$ 3,000 deposit to cover Covid-19 costs and compulsory US$ 50,000 health insurance has been removed, but ONLY specifically for Cambodian citizens with foreign passports and have a Visa K entry permit.

Gatherings of People:

(March 31) PM Hun Sen banned all religious gatherings. Closure of all schools until further notice. Slowly planning reopening of public spaces- National Museum in Phnom Penh again allowed to accept visitors from May 15. (May 22) Inter-Ministerial Committee to Counter the Covid-19 Disease also issued a statement on May 22 allowing the reopening of sport events, as long as no spectators can attend and no more than 100 players and officials are involved.

(August 2020) Large meetings and gatherings (parties and religious gatherings) are banned until September 2020. Domestically, grocery stores, restaurants, and other services remain available, while having restrictions on operation of certain businesses such as cinemas, karaoke, and entertainment clubs (bars, discos, beer gardens).

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Cambodia team.

Known Exceptions:

(May 27) Cambodian citizens will no longer be held to the same stringent entry requirements as foreigners (medical certificate and insurance). (June 29) The requirement of providing US$ 3,000 deposit to cover Covid-19 costs and compulsory US$ 50,000 health insurance has been removed, but ONLY specifically for Cambodian citizens with foreign passports and have a Visa K entry permit. (July 1) The government is planning to adjust quarantine measures and prepare special arrangement for investors, technical experts and consultants coming into the country. Possible measures include:

  • Instead of going into 14-days quarantine, the travelers will undergo Covid-19 testing at arrival and if they are confirmed negative, they will be allowed to go. The government will place an information technology (IT) system or mobile phone application to track.
  • There is also a possibility of reducing cash deposit for Covid-19 cover charge from US$ 3,000 to US$ 2,000. But the travelers are still required to show a proof of medical insurance with a value of $50,000 and a health certificate stating lack of Covid-19 infection.

These regulations apply only to potential investors classified under the investment list of the Council for the Development of Cambodia and other government memorandums.

Security/Safety Issues:

N/A

Additional Information:

N/A

Government put aside between US$800 million to US$2 billion for a stimulus package.

Government Resources:

  • http://www.cdcmoh.gov.kh/

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

A national public health emergency was declared by President Jokowi on March 31, whereby the Ministry of Health coordinates with regional leaders to implement appropriate health and safety protocols including social distancing measures.

Known Closures:

Temporary ban on all live animal imports from China effective on February 7

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

N./A

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

The Directorate General of Immigration has updated immigration regulation through Circular No. IMI-GR.01.01-1102 of 2020, effective July 13.  Stay Permits (ITK, ITAS, ITAP) holders currently residing in Indonesia can apply for an extension at the immigration offices. However, holders of Permanent Stay Permit (ITAP) and Temporary Stay Permit (ITAS) need to obtain an approval letter from the Ministry if they wish to extend then apply in-person at the immigration offices within 60 days of July 13. Visitors with 2B21, 2B11, D212 visas who hold Emergency Stay Permits (ITKT) can extend this status.  Similarly, visa-on-arrival holders can extend their ITKT within 30 days of July 13, while free visit visa holders must depart within 30 days from July 13.

Beginning July 17, passengers arriving to Jakarta’s Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CKG), and Banten and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport (HLP) are no longer required to present their exit and entry permit (SIKM).

Domestic flight passengers are required to present the following prior to departure:

– personal identification

– health certificate showing no flu-like symptoms/a negative RT-PCR result/ health certificate proving non-reactive COVID-19 Rapid Test Results. Certificates must be valid for 14 days on the day of departure.

– download & activate ‘Peduli Lindungi’ app on smartphone

– complete the electronic health awareness card (e-HAC) available for download on smartphone

– if Jakarta is final destination, passengers must fill out Corona Likelihood Metric (CLM) on the JAKI app.

Restricted Locations:

N/A

Gatherings of People:

After officially declaring COVID-19 a public health emergency on March 31, President Jokowi issued Government Regulation No. 21/2020 on large-scale social distancing (PSBB). Local governments will be able to implement PSBB subject to the approval from Ministry of Health. The minimum requirements comprise closure of schools and offices, as well as limitation of religious and public activities.

Beginning July 16, Jakarta will be extending its transitional stage of large-scale social distancing (PSBB) for another 14 days.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Indonesia team.

Known Exceptions:

Travel exemptions are given to VVIPs from government institutions and international organizations, Indonesian repatriates, as well as for law enforcement and emergency services – all subject to permits from Ministry of Transport.

Exemptions will also be given to those who travel not for mudik, for example if they have essential urgencies such as work, sick family, or family weddings.

Indonesian Citizens, Foreigners who possess permits, and essential workers are allowed to enter the country.

Security/Safety Issues:

President Jokowi ordered the national police “to take proportionate law enforcement steps” for violators on social restriction.

Additional Information:

On March 23, 150,000 rapid test kits arrived from China and GoI is buying more kits from South Korea On Mar 14, National Task Force on COVID-19 was formed and led by Lt. General Doni Monardo, Head of the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB)

Stimulus:

In March, the Government Issued a Rp.62.3 trillion ($3.9 billion) fund on health care, social funds and financial incentives for enterprises.

Another Rp.120 trillion ($7.4 billion) fiscal stimulus plan was released in the form of mortgage aid, tax cuts for manufacturers and income tax exemptions for workers.

In February, Rp 10.3 trillion ($620 million) released in February through mortgage subsidies for low-income families and tax breaks for tourism, airline, and property sectors.

Based on the emergency status, the government pledged to evaluate additional Rp 3.3 trillion fund requested by National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) to for this pandemic.

Fiscal spending:

1) Rp 3.9 trillion stimulus package for tourism

consist of Rp98.5 billion ($ 6 million) incentives to airlines and travel agencies, Rp 103 billion  ($7.1 million) for tourism marketing and promotions, RP 72 billion (US$5 million) to social media influencers,  Rp 443 billion ($ 27 million) for domestic tourists discount for 10 promoted destinations for 3 months. The government will waive taxes for hoteliers and restaurants in the 10 promoted destinations for six months. Local governments will receive for total $230 million to compensate the loss of taxes.

2) Rp 10 trillion for the newly launched pre-employment card program

3) Rp 6.1 trillion for insurance and compensation for medical workers including doctors and nurses.

4) Increased social safety net from 10 million to 15 million families under Family Hope program (PKH), with a maximum of 4 people per family. According to Ministry of Social Affairs, the subsidy consists of: a) Permanent Assistance: Rp. 1,550,000/family/year, and b) Component Assistance for Everyone in PKH Family (including for Pregnant women: Rp 2,400,000; Toddlers: Rp 2,400,000; Primary School: Rp 900,000; Middle School: Rp 1,500,000l; High School: Rp 2,000,000; Severe disability: Rp 2,400,000; Seniors: Rp 2,400,000)

5) Rp 4.6 trillion rupiah ($324 million) for the Affordable Food Program (Sembako Murah) for 15 million low-income households to purchase staple food products at discounted prices. As part of the package, low-income households will also receive Rp 200,000 ($13.97) per month in financial benefits, an increase from IDR 150,000 ($10), for the next six months.

6) Rp 1.5 trillion subsidy for low-cost housing program for an addition of 175,000 new homes. Rp 800 billion ($55 million) for interest subsidy.

Tax measures:

  • GoI has started to implement Digital taxation. This took effect on March 31st under the Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) No. 1 of 2020. A ministerial regulation is being drafted by the Ministry of Finance
  • Gave tax breaks and allowances for tourism, airline, and property sectors. Exempted six month of income tax for manufacturing workers with incomes below Rp 200 million/year Waived Import taxes for raw materials for six months for 19 manufacturing industries. Cut corporate tax rate by 30 percent for six months for 19 manufacturing industries. Sped up repayment of overpaid tax without initial audits with Rp 5 billion limit, but no limit for exporters 

Financial measures:

OJK relaxed credit scoring requirements Relaxed loan restructuring requirements for MSMEs Bank Indonesia (BI) cut its interest rates by 25 basis points (bps) to 4.75 percent Lowered Deposit Facility rates by 25 bps down to 3.75% Lowered Lending Facility rates by 25 bps to 5,25% GoI is preparing a “recovery bond.” that can be bought by BI or Export/import companies that have no layoffs and maintain salaries for at least 90 percent of their employees. 

Trade measures:

GoI sped up import recommendations for food products to maintain supply and stabilize prices. Reduced import restrictions for fisheries and forestry goods (749 HS code). No Health certificate and V-legal documents required. Relaxed import restrictions for raw materials, e.g. steel, alloy steel, animal, medicine and food. Export-import processes to be sped up for reputable traders. National logistics ecosystem development to be improved. 

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

Imports of consumer goods remain normal

Known Closures:

On May 15, Laos’ National Taskforce for COVID-19 Prevention and Control announced that more restrictions will be eased, effective from May 18. Restaurants, cafes, supermarkets, massage parlors and spas, fresh markets, beauty salons, barbershops, shopping centers, and malls have been permitted to resume services. Construction projects, plants, and factories have been authorized to resume operations.

Cross Border Issues:

Known Exceptions:

Additional Information:

Prevention measures and guideline issues by the National Taskforce must be strictly followed. The easing of restrictions remains temporary. If an infected case is found in more than two or more provinces, stricter lockdown measures may be reimposed.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

Following the easing of restrictions effective on May 18, inter-provincial travel is now permitted for all people throughout Laos. Inter-provincial transportation via land, water, or air is permitted.

Restricted Locations:

Since May 18, tourism sites have been permitted to reopen while prevention measures and guidelines issued by the taskforce must be strictly implemented. On May 29, the Prime Minister’s Office of Laos released a notice detailing lockdown measures. All types of sporting events and competitions may now be held while spectators are still prohibited to attend. Night markets may now be allowed to reopen whereas bars and beer shops are to remain closed. Cinemas may resume operations while social distancing and prevention measures must be strictly followed.

Gatherings of People:

Weddings and traditional events of up to 50 people have been permitted.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Laos team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Security/Safety Issues:

Minister of Labor and Social Welfare has ordered local and health authorities to monitor the self-quarantine of workers returning to Laos.

Additional Information:

Fiscal Spending:

(March 23) Government adopted a 13 measure stimulus package, not all details disclosed. Acceleration of fiscal spending projects such as Laos-China railway and expressway construction.

Tax Measures:

Tax exemption for all Laotian citizens for three months, from April to June. SMEs across all business sectors will also be exempt from income tax for three months, three-month salary tax exemption for monthly salaries below US$550, deferment of payments for affected firms.

Financial Measures:

On March 20, Bank of Lao PDR lowered reserve requirements to 8% (a 2% decrease) for foreign currencies and to 4% (a 1% decrease) for domestic currency. On March 26, BOL released guidelines that encourage lenders to restructure financing of affected debtors, provide one-year grace periods for such affected debtors, and lower interest rates as needed.

Trade Measures:

Tax and tarriff exemptions for all imported products used to combat COVID-19, proposed lowering of electricity tariffs.

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Government Resources:

  • http://www.moh.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/2019-ncov-wuhan
  • https://www.pmo.gov.my/special-contents/2019-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/

Intelligence & Analysis

Current Status:

On August 28, the Government of Malaysia announced that the extension of the Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) until December 31. Previously, Malaysia has been under RMCO since June 10.

Known Closures:

Starting June 10, most economic sectors and businesses including the ones restricted under CMCO are allowed to resume operations during RMCO. Previously, hair salons, barbershops, night markets, and farmer markets were ordered to suspend operations. Restrictions remain in place for crowd-inducing activities such as team sports, religious parades, theme parks, nightlife, and other entertainment outlets. Relevant standard operating procedures are in place for all permitted activities.

Cross Border Issues:

Issues reported at beginning of Movement Control Order regarding supplies coming into and out of Malaysia at borders with Singapore and Thailand

Known Exceptions:

As of May 7, not all state governments are completely following new relaxed CMCO procedure.  Selangor, Perak, and Negri Sembalan will limit re-opening of businesses, ban dining in at restaurants, and restrict social/recreational activities.  Sabah entering CMCO but only re-opening food and agriculture, logistics, and manufacturing sectors. Penang is re-opening economic sectors gradually instead of immediately.  Sarawak will follow the CMCO but only SOPs approved by the state may be used. Johor will implement CMCO but follow SOPs of local councils. As of April 29, imports and exports of both essential and non-essential goods are now permitted.  Previously, only imports of essential goods were allowed – food and beverage items, agriculture and fisheries, household products, personal protective equipment, pharmaceuticals, packaging materials, medical and surgical devices, medical device parts, oil and gas, petrochemicals, fertilizer and pesticide, electrical and electronics (including semiconductors). On April 10, MITI announced reopening of various sectors following economic consultations: automotive industry, aerospace industry, machinery and equipment industry, construction industry, science, professional, and technical services, social health services including registered traditional medicine, full-service laundry, and hardware store services, electrical and electronic stores, and spectacles stores. Non-essential goods were moved from Port Klang, Port of Penang, and Johor Port to increase port capacity for essential goods the weekend of March 27.  Non-essential goods will be transported from Port Klang and ports in Johor, Penang, Kuantan, Melaka, Bintulu, Sarawak, and Padang Besar bordering Thailand over the weekend of April 3 to reduce port congestion for essential goods.  Non-essential goods to be removed between April 13 and April 15 from ports at Port Klang, Johor, Penang, Kuantan, Melaka, Bintulu, and Padang Besar bordering Thailand. The fourth round of port clearing exercise on April 20-April 23 was communicated to ports operators in Port Klang, Johor, Penang, Kuantan, Melaka, Bintulu, and Padang Besar, also communicated to government-owned ports.   

Additional Information:

As of April 13, twenty districts across the country remain categorized as “red zones,” areas with at least 41 positive COVID-19 cases.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

Beginning September 7, long-term pass holders from India, Philippines, and Indonesia will not be permitted to enter Malaysia due to surging COVID-19 cases in those countries. On August 17, Malaysia and Singapore have opened their cross-border travel under the Reciprocal Green Lane (RGL) and Periodic Commuting Arrangement (PCA) schemes. 400 people per week (RGL) and 2,000 people per day (PCA) are allowed to travel between Malaysia and Singapore for essential business or official purposes. As of June 24, expatriates in EP I, RP-T, and PVP pass categories from the Green Zone countries are permitted to enter Malaysia without an advance entry permission from the Immigration Department. International students studying in Malaysia and foreigners seeking medical treatment are also allowed in. Discussions are underway with the Green Zone countries (Singapore, Brunei, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and South Korea) to reopen the borders. Outside of these exceptions, foreign tourists are still barred from entering Malaysia.

Restricted Locations:

As of June 3, Kuala Langat District is under semi-enhanced movement control order (EMCO). From Aug 3 to Aug 30, a targeted enhanced movement control order (TEMCO) in Kedah is in effect. The areas covered under Kedah’s TEMCO include those within a 1km radius of Restoran Nasi Kandar Salleh in Pekan Napoh (Mukim Hosba, Kubang Pasu), Kampung Pida Satu, Megat Dewa (Mukim Ah, Kubang Pasu), Kampung Bendang Dalam (Mukim Binjal, Kubang Pasu) and Kampung Ulu, Padang Sanai (Padang Terap). Mosques and places of worship are closed for all activities except for Friday prayers, which is limited to three people in each mosque. Perlis is also put under a semi-enhanced MCOs due to emerging COVID-19 clusters at the beginning of August.

Gatherings of People:

As of August 1, face masks are mandatory in crowded public places where physical distancing cannot be observed. Selected social, educational, and religious activities are allowed as of June 10. Religious activities such as Hari Raya Aidiladha celebration and Qurban are now permitted. Social gatherings including wedding involving up to 250 people will be allowed from July 1. Strict SOPs are in place for these activities.  Crowd-inducing activities such as group sports, religious parades, nightlife, and entertainment outlets are still restricted. However, cinemas are allowed to operate at a capacity of 250 in closed venues starting July 1. Outdoors sports and co-curricular activities in schools will also be allowed starting September 1.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Malaysia team.

Known Exceptions:

As of June 10, interstate travel is permitted, with the exception of areas under Enhanced Movement Control Order (EMCO). Domestic tourism is encouraged while overseas travel is still prohibited.

Security/Safety Issues:

Under MCO4 regulations and before, commuting employees in approved sectors must carry an employer’s authorization letter should they be stopped by authorities.  In addition, approved employers are encouraged to provide additional authorization documents for employees such as the company’s name and address, as well as the names, IC/passport numbers, position/job designations, contact information, work schedules, and necessity justifications of employees.  Firms should also provide supporting documents that include the list of essential services approved by the National Security Council and evidence of the company as included in that list.  Should an approved company’s employee be stopped from commuting even after providing these documents or an approved company in essential services be forced to cease operations by law enforcement despite compliance to Ministry of Health guidelines, employees and employers are encouraged to contact the 24-hour National Security Council Command Center Hotline at 03-88882010. Over 4,000 people have been arrested for violation of MCO and 1,500 have been charged in court.

Additional Information:

Sarawak has made compulsory for all Malaysians coming from Peninsular Malaysia, Saha and Labuan to undergo quarantine, effective from August 1 to August 14. Effective on August 25, Sarawak is allowing venues to accommodate 50% capacity for social and official events. Previously, a maximum of 250 people were allowed in a venue.

Current efforts:

Government announced a RM35 billion stimulus package on June 5. Known as the short-term Economic Recovery Plan (ERP), the plan will is in effect until the end of 2020.

Fiscal spending:

RM 10 billion of the ERP to be injected as direct fiscal injection. ERP aims to support SMEs and workers over the remaining second half of 2020. RM9 billion is budgeted to help three million workers. RM2 billion is allocated to fund the upskilling programs for the youth and unemployed. RM50 million is allocated for supporting the gig-economy platforms. To help businesses, RM700 million is allocated to assist SMEs’ vitalizing efforts. RM225 million budgeted to support creative industries and RM350 million in loans for the farming industry.

Price Ceilings:

Between April 15 and April 28, government implementing price control measures for 12 goods including chicken, eggs, cooking oil, wheat flour, cabbages, and tomatoes.

Tax measures:

Income tax exemptions of up to RM5,000 are to be provided to employers who provide technology capabilities to enable their employees to work from home. The government is also granting income tax refunds of up to RM20,000 for three years for businesses set up between July 1, 2020, and December 31, 2021. Foreign businesses with an investment between RM300 million and RM500 million invested within the three year period will be exempted from tax for ten years. Tourism tax and service tax will also be exempted starting July 1 and September 1 respectively until June 2021. Sales tax exemptions for domestically assembled cars (100%) and imported cars (50%) are in effect from June 15 till the end of 2020. There is a 100% export duty exemption on the export of crude palm oil, crude palm kernel oil and refined bleached deodorised palm kernel oil, from July 1, 2020, to December 31, 2020. Personal income tax relief of up to RM1,000 for domestic tourism expenses has been extended to December 31, 2021. Businesses in the tourism industry are allowed a deferment of corporate income installment payments for three months from October 1, 2020 till the end of 2020.

Financial measures:

On July 29, the government announced a three-month extension to the loan repayment moratorium for those who lost their jobs due to COVID-19.

On July 7, Bank Negara Malaysia lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 25 basis points to a record low of 1.75 percent from the previous 2.00 percent. This marked the fourth OPR cut this year to combat the negative economic impacts of the pandemic.

On May 5, Bank Negara Malaysia lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 50 basis points to 2%, its lowest level since 2010. Previously, on March 3, BNM lowered the Overnight Policy Rate (OPR) by 25 basis points to 2.50 percent. 

BNM lowered the Statutory Reserve Requirement (SRR) Ratio by 100 basis points to 2 percent effective 20 March 2020.

On March 23, the Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) and Bursa Malaysia suspended short-selling until April 30 to mitigate risks arising from heightened volatility and global uncertainties. The SC also waived annual licensing fees for capital market licensed entities.

On March 25, BNM announced measures temporarily easing regulatory and supervisory compliance on banks to enable them to support loan deferment and restructuring. On April 16, Securities Commission Malaysia announced relaxation of PN17 and G3 classifications for publicly traded companies, raised equity crowdfunding limits from 5 million to 10 million, stated Malaysia Co-Investment Fund will raise funding ratio from 1:4 to 1:2.

Trade measures:

N/A

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Intelligence & Analysis

Current Status:

No restrictions on goods and services.

Known Closures:

Exit and entry of people from neighboring China, India, Thailand, Laos and Bangladesh have been temporarily banned.

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

N/A

Additional Information:

N/A

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

1) The following precautionary restriction measures have been extended until August 31, 2020.

– Temporary suspension of issuance of visa-on-arrival and e-Visa.

– Temporary suspension of all international flights operating to and from Myanmar.                                                      – To undergo quarantine in a Burmese government facility for 21 days after arriving in Burma, followed by a 7-day home quarantine.  Diplomats and U.N. officials are permitted to home quarantine for 28 days.                                                                        

2) A nationwide curfew is now set from 12am – 4am.

3) Nay Pyi Daw: Beginning April 19 until further notice, health screenings for people entering Nay Pyi Taw will be conducted at all checkpoints. Business Travels: The traveler must present a recommendation letter from the concerned Union Ministry. The letter must contain the purpose of the visit, names and positions of travelers, name of vehicle driver, vehicle license plate number, and office and residential addresses. Personal Travels: To contact manager of the intended place to stay for required documents, recommendation from employer and ward administrator.

4) Mandalay: No more quarantine requirement for travelers, All travelers still need to bring a recommendation letter from the ward administrator.

Restricted Locations:

(April 29) The Ayeyarwady Region government announced that it has decided to extend a directive to tour companies and hotels to shut down from end of April to May 15. It instructed Chaung Thar, Ngwe Saung, Shwe Taung Yan beaches, Gaw Yin Gyi Island and other beaches in the region not to allow local and foreign visitors up to May 15.

As of (August 30), there is a surge in local COVID-19 transmission which in the country. The first locally-trasmitted COVID-19 case was reported in Sittwe, Rakhine State. In Yangon as well, the sudden spike of local transmission led to return of stay-at-home order in seven townships: Thingangyun, Insein, North Okklapa, Tharketa, Hlaing, Pazundaung and Mingaladon.

Gatherings of People:

Gatherings of 5 and above are banned, till further notice.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Myanmar team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

1) Ban on gatherings exclude work commutes for public servants, corporate employees, and factory workers; medical emergencies; shopping at permitted markets; delivery of goods; employment activities; public, private, and monastic schools; holding meetings, discussions, and classes in line with Ministry of Health guidelines; eating at restaurants that follow Ministry of Health guidelines; official COVID-19 control and protection activities; and funerals.                                                                                                                                                                                                       2) Diplomats accredited to Myanmar, UN officials with resident in Myanmar, or foreign nationals requiring to visit on urgent matters can contact Myanmar missions abroad for possible exceptions.

3) Relief flights, medical evacuation flights, cargo flights, and special flights which have received approval from the Department of Civil Aviation will not be affected.

4) Myanmar Airways International continues to operate limited relief flights to and from Seoul.                               5) (July 10) Myanmar Vice-President Henry Van Thio says the country is unlikely to open to international commercial passenger flights until October.                                                                                                                          6) (July 10) The Ministry of Health and Sports’ National Health Laboratory (NHL) in Yangon has started COVID-19 tests to provide travel-fit certificates for urgent overseas travel with a cost of Ks 200,000 (USD $147).          

7) (July 19) Making “fast lanes” through which essential businesses and officials can enter Myanmar upon request.  Currently, the plan has started with China and Japan and eventually will be extended to other countries. Quarantine Requirements: Take RT-PCR test and obtain COVID free health certificate 36 hours before boarding to Myanmar. Require 5-day quarantine at pre-arranged facility or hotel after tests given negative. Medical expenses to be borne by returnee in which the health check costs $US$140. 

Security/Safety Issues:

N/A

Additional Information:

1) Dine-in restrictions have been lifted in certain townships in Yangon which have no confirmed cases of covid-19. Restaurants and teashops are already allowed to open with limited customers.

2) Factories, workshops and schools have reopened and despite some restrictions lifted. According to the Ministry of Health and Sports (MOHS), they will be allowing cinemas to reopen in the next three weeks. 

3) Wearing of face masks are compulsory when going out. 

4) Stay-home restrictions have been lifted except for the seven townships in Yangon listed above.

5) The Ministry of Education is planning for reopening of schools on July 21, complying with guidelines of social distancing. Preschools will not open till July 15. No timeframe announced yet for reopening of universities.                                               

6) Intra-provisional bus services resumed, but the service is still not at normal levels                                                           

7) Domestic tourism slowly restarting. Many hotels have re-opened with increased COVID-19-control measures in place.  Many sites of interest across the country remain closed.                                              

Current Efforts:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          April 28- The  Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry published a comprehensive stimulus plan called “Overcoming as One: COVID-19 Relief Plan”, outlining budget allocation, stronger ties between government and businesses via public-private partnerships, and cooperation with international financial institutions.                                                                           

June 10- the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism has announced a Covid-19 Tourism Relief Plan to help troubled tourism businesses navigate the repercussions of the pandemic. The plan is set to implement in three phases and aims to rebuild Myanmar’s tourism industry.

August-  The COVID-19 Economic Relief Plan (CERP) Committee launched an additional Kyat 100 billion fund on July 29 which is said to give out to agricultural and livestock businesses, export/import, manufacturing, supply chain, F&B, foreign job agencies and vocational schools.  

Fiscal Spending:

April 28- The Ministry of Planning, Finance and Industry published a comprehensive stimulus plan called “Overcoming as One: COVID-19 Relief Plan”, outlining budget allocation, stronger ties between government and businesses via public-private partnerships, and cooperation with international financial institutions.                      

June 10- the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism has announced a Covid-19 Tourism Relief Plan to help troubled tourism businesses navigate the repercussions of the pandemic. The plan is set to implement in three phases and aims to rebuild Myanmar’s tourism industry.

Reallocation of up to 10% of 2019-2020 budget directed to government entities.

Tax Measures:

1) Defer corporate income tax to Q2 and Q3 to September 30, 2020.

2) Defer commercial tax to September 30, 2020.

3) Waive 2% Withholding Tax on exports.

4) Waive Special Goods Tax on medical supplies and products required to prevent, control and treat Covid-19.

5) Waive Customs Duty and Commercial Tax related to import of medical supplies.

Financial Measures:

Soft loans are disbursed at 1% interest for a one-year period for SMEs, and businesses in the garment and tourism sectors. The Central Bank of Myanmar will reduce policy interest rates from 9.5 to 8.5 effective April 1. Bank deposit rates stand at 6.5%, and lending rates have an 11.5% ceiling for collateralized loans and 14.5% for unsecured loans. Ministry of Investment reduces investment application fees by half for both national and foreign investors. 

Trade Measures:

1) Waive import licensing and FDA approval process as long as a foreign FDA has approved the products; expedite and facilitate importation processes for medical supplies required for COVID-19 response

2) Promote trade financing by establishing MMK 100 billion fund to designated commercial banks.

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

IATF Resolution No. 20 series of 2020 modified the Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ) during May 16-31 covering Metro Manila, Laguna, Cebu City. Under EO112 series of 2020, any “community quarantine” by a local government unit, regardless of nomenclature, ceased to take effect on 12:01 a.m. of May 1. All decisions to impose, lift, or extend a community quarantine in provinces, cities and municipalities will rest with the Inter-agency Task Force on Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID). Provincial Governors may impose, lift or extend ECQ in component and municipalities upon the concurrence of the relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF-EID. Mayors of Cities and Municipalities are also authorized to impose, lift or extend ECQ in villages, upon the concurrence of the relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF-EID. This is without prejudice to the authority of the IATF to DIRECTLY impose, lift or extend ECQ in these areas, should circumstances call for it. The whole country is under a state of calamity. Congress has granted emergency powers to President Duterte until June 25, 2020 and could extend this period. 

Philippine government suspend the importation of all Brazilian poultry meat following the latter’s claim that prices of canned meat products will go up because of such import ban.  Local raisers and feed millers also want a total ban of poultry meat imports, not just for the ones coming from Brazil.

The following sectors may operate at full operational capacity under an MECQ: media businesses; the production of cement and steel; business process outsourcing and export-oriented establishments, without need to set up onsite or near-site accommodation arrangements; mining and quarrying; e-commerce companies; postal, courier and delivery services; rental and leasing, other than real estate, such as vehicles and equipment for permitted sectors; employment activities that involve the recruitment and placement for permitted sectors; repair of computers, personal and household goods; and housing services activities.

Metro Manila GCQ extended until June 30, Cebu City placed under ECQ, Talisay City placed under MECQ. The following are under GCQ until June 30: Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Santiago City, Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Olongapo, Tarlac, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, Quezon, Occidental Mindoro, Bohol, Cebu province, Negros Oriental, Siquijor, Mandaue City, Lapu-Lapu City, Davao City, Zamboagna. The rest of the country remains under MGCQ until June 30.

Manila Mayor Isko Morena is placing 31 Manila barangays on ECQ lockdown starting 12 am Saturday, July 4 until 11:59 pm Sunday, July 5. The barangays to be placed under ECQ are: 20, 41, 51, 56, 66, 96, 97, 101, 106, 116, 118, 120, 128, 129, 163, 173, 180, 185, 215, 275, 310, 343, 380, 649, 724, 766, 775, 811, 836, 846, 847.

GCQ for Metro Manila has been extended to July 15. Cebu City will remain under ECQ. The following provinces are under GCQ: Benguet, Cavite, Rizal, Lapu-Lapu City, Mandaue City, Leyte, Ormoc, Southern Leyte, Talisay City, Minglanilla and Consolacion. The remainder of the country is under MGCQ.

IATF Resolution No. 52 has lifted the previous IATF Resolution No. 13. The suspension on non-essential travel across the country and abroad is now lifted. All travel restrictions relative to outbound travel of Filipinos pursuant to previous IATF Resolutions are also lifted, but travelers must meet certain conditions to ensure health and safety.

Cebu City has eased to a less restrictive modified ECQ from July 16 to 31. NCR remains under GCQ until July 31. The following are under GCQ: Laguna, Cavite, and Rizal for Region IV-A (Calabarzon); Lapu Lapu City, Mandaue City for Region VII (Central Visayas), Ormoc City, Southern Leyte, Zamboanga City, Butuan City, Agusan del Norte and Basilan, Talisay, Minglanilla, and Concepcion. The rest of the country remains under MGCQ until July 31.

Metro Manila has been reverted from GCQ back to MECQ from August 4 to 18. Other areas reverted to MECQ include the provinces of Laguna, Rizal, Cavite, and Bulacan. Cebu City downgraded to GCQ. The rest of the county remains under MGCQ.

On August 17, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte announced placing Metro Manila and its nearby provinces of Laguna, Cavite, Rizal, and Bulacan under general community quarantine (GCQ) starting August 19 until August 31. Other areas that were put under GCQ include Nueva Ecija, Batangas, Quezon Province, Iloilo City, Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu City, Mandaue City, Talisay City, and the municipalities of Minglanilla and Consolacion in Cebu. Under the government’s guidelines, the extent of restrictions varies from the strictest enhanced community quarantine (ECQ), modified ECQ, GCQ, to the most relaxed modified GCQ. Under GCQ, most businesses are allowed to operate and public transportation resume operations at a limited capacity and with observance of health protocols.

Known Closures:

At present, many parts of the country are already under MGCQ. Apart from Metro Manila, other areas under GCQ until the end of the month are Bulacan, Batangas and Tacloban City.

Meanwhile, those under the stricter modified enhanced community quarantine are Lanao del Sur, Bacolod City and Iligan.

President Duterte is expected to announce the updated quarantine classifications before Oct. 1. The government has agreed to implement quarantine classifications for one month instead of two weeks to ensure continuity in the enforcement of safety protocols.

All HUCs of the National Capital Region (NCR) and the Municipality of Pateros under GCQ. Under GCQ until 15: for Luzon: Baguio City, Pangasinan, Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vezcaya, Quirino, Santiago City, Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueve Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales, Angeles City, Olongapo City, Cavite, Laguna, Batancas, Rizal, Quezon, Lucena City and Albacy. Visayas: Iloilo City, Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, Siquijor, Mandaue City, Lapu-Lapu City. Mindanao: Zamboanga City, Davao City.

Cross Border Issues:

N/A

Known Exceptions:

Modified ECQ: Modified ECQ: Essential industries like health care, pharmacies, veterinary clinics, food manufacturing and supply chains, and groceries can operate at full capacity. But there will be an addition to these allowed industries – certain manufacturing and processing plants, which can operate at only 50% capacity. More commercial establishments can also operate at 50% capacity. There will still be no public transportation. Private shuttles will be allowed but only for essential work and services. Private cars are allowed as long as only two people sit per row. Motorcycles, bicycles, and e-scooters allowed with only one rider.                                                                                     

ECQ and GCQ guidelines for sectors:

CATEGORY I with full operational capacity during ECQ and GCQ: agriculture, forestry, fisheries,  food manufacturing and food supply businesses, hospitals, logistics services, power, energy, water, waste collection, sewerage, telecommunications sectors, essential groceries, public markets, and drug stores, delivery services, laundry shops, gasoline stations, construction workers, and media companies.

CATEGORY II sectors with 50% to 100% operations for  BOTH ECQ and GCQ: mining and quarrying, electronic commerce, postal and courier services, export-oriented companies, computer and household goods repair, housing service, funeral and embalming services, veterinary clinics, and security and investigation; limited accommodation business.

CATEGORY II sectors with 50% to 100% operations for under GCQ ONLY: manufacturing activities (beverages, cement and steel, textiles, tobacco, paper, rubber and plastic products, computer products, machinery and equipment, and transport equipment and vehicles); public and private construction projects and office administrative and support activities.

CATEGORY III sectors with up to 50% work on site, WFH arrangements for BOTH ECQ and GCQ: Employment activities such as recruitment and placement; BPOs, banks, money transfer services, pawnshops, microfinance institutions, rental and leasing activities, and operation of capital markets.

CATEGORY III sectors with up to 50% work on site, WFH arrangements for GCQ ONLY: malls and commercial centers, financial services, legal and accounting, management consultancy, architecture and engineering, scientific and research development, advertising and market research, and computer programming,  publishing and printing, film, music, and television production, photography services, barbershops and salon, and other non-leisure wholesale and retail establishments (hardware stores, bookstores, school and office supplies stores, baby care supplies stores).

Additional Information:

The PEZA issued Memorandum Circular No. 2020-0019 (Rev 1) and directed the continued online validation of electronic import permits (eIP) and online endorsement of validated eIP to the Bureau of Customs Manila International Container Port, Ninoy Aquino International Airport, and Port of Manila.

Joint Administrative Order No. 1 was released adopting processes for expedited release of refrigerated containers and dry vans during the ECQ.

The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) issued Memorandum Circular 02-14 listing down allowed movement of goods and personnel for Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) companies and export enterprises, and their service providers during the ECQ.

The DTI issued Memorandum Circular 20-17 for the extension of expiring Philippine Standard (PS) licenses until July 31. However, extension is still subject to the licensee’s submission of application for renewal. PS licenses are issued for wiring devices, cement, steel, plastic pipes and conduits, sanitary wares, ceramics, etc.

The Philippine Ports Authority issued 8,000 IATF IDs to ensure movement of cargo. 

The IATF approved a prototype of a Supply Chain Analysis dashboard application to address bottlenecks in supply, distribution, and movement of goods.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

From 1 August, foreign nationals with existing long-term visas are allowed to enter the Philippines, subject to certain conditions:

 

The visa must be existing at the time of entry – no new entry visas will be accepted. Visas must fall under one of the following categories:

  • A non-immigrant visa issued under Section 13 of the Immigration act (Section 13 series visa: a,b,c,d,e,g)
  • Anyone who acquired resident status under Republic Act 7919 or Alien Social Integration Act (RA 7919 visa)
  • Anyone who falls under Executive Order 324 or Alien Legalization Program (EO 324 visa) Native-born foreign nationals (Native-born visa)

From 9 August, new categories of travelers are permitted to enter, based on the condition that a valid visa is secured through the Embassy of the Philippines located in your country of residence:

  • A foreign spouse of a Filipino national
  • A minor child of a Filipino
  • Children of a Filipino with special needs, regardless of age
  • Foreign parent of minor Filipinos, and foreign parent of Filipino children with special needs, regardless of age.

Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) Terminal 3 to open for international flights on July 8 for the following airlines: Nippon Airways, Air Asia Berhad, Cathay Pacific, Emirates, Royal Dutch Airlines, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal 2 will continue to service international arrival flights from Philippine Airlines (PAL), while Terminal 1 will continue to service international departures for (PAL).

On August 17, Philippine President Duterte approved the recommendation of Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) to place the following areas under General Community Quarantine (GCQ) from August 19 to August 31:

Luzon – National Capital Region (Metro Manila), and provinces of Laguna, Cavite, Rizal, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Batangas, and Quezon

Visayas – Cities of Iloilo, Cebu, Lapu-Lapu, Mandaue, and Talisay; and Cebu Province: Municipalities of Minglanilla and Consolacion

The rest of the country is under Modified General Community Quarantine (MGCQ).

Gatherings of People:

Prohibited to operate under ECQ and GCQ: Gyms and sports facilities; entertainment-related mass gatherings such as theaters, cinemas; concerts; business-related mass gatherings such as trade shows, conferences, conventions; politically-related mass gatherings; sports-related mass gatherings; libraries/museums; gambling and betting activities; travel agencies, tour operators, reservation services; activities of membership organizations and religious mass gatherings. Those ages below 21 those 60 and above may not enter commercial areas except to obtain essential goods and services.

Religious gatherings up to 10% capacity in GCQ zones will be permitted beginning on July 10. Religious gatherings at 50% capacity in MGCQ zones had previously been permitted in June.

September 1: Duterte kept partial restrictions in the capital region for a month starting Tuesday (09/01). Other areas under GCQ include:  Bulacan, Batangas, Tacloban City in Eastern Visayas and Bacolod City in Western Visayas. He also placed Iligan City in Northern Mindanao under modified enhanced community quarantine. The rest of the country, meanwhile, would remain under modified GCQ—the most relaxed form of community quarantine.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Philippines team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

Overseas travel will be limited to Overseas Filipino Workers, permanent residents, student visa holders, and foreign nationals.

Security/Safety Issues:

Local government units implementing varying regulations are confusing to businesses and people. Government agencies may contradict each other in issuing policies. There are varying responses of police in enforcing the ECQ policies (different penalties). There are reported instances of violent dispersals.

There are issues at checkpoints regarding passes being required by different LGUs. Government and private sector are developing a RapidPass system for easy passage of at checkpoints.

Government opted to place Metro Manila and other urban areas under general community quarantine until end-September.

Additional Information:

Government, together with volunteers from private sector, launched FASSSTER, a user-friendly tool for modeling disease spreads in the Philippines to aid in disease surveillance efforts.

RapidPass went live. It will allow frontliners and cargo to pass through checkpoints faster with the use of a QR code.

The DTI issued Memorandum Circular 02-14 listing down allowed movement of goods and personel for BPOs, export enterprises, and their service providers during the ECQ.

Health professionals who have existing contracts abroad can be leave the country. This comes after a deployment ban which prevented doctors and nurses from leaving the country.

Current Efforts:

(August 24) The House of Representatives ratifies Bayanihan 2 which aims to align national budget to further support government fund for COVID-19 relief. P165 billion is expected to be allotted primarily to help badly hit sectors recover, while allotting also funds for other vital pandemic measures like contact tracing and quarantine facilities. The bill provides for a 60-day moratorium for paying debts, including salary loans, business loans and insurance premium. As for water and power bills, house rental or lease for business space, a 30-day reprieve will be provided for those in areas covered by ECQ and MECQ. The Bayanihan 2 will be in effect until December 19, 2020.

Bayanihan 2 has been signed by President Duterte on September 11.

The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) will begin hiring today, September 14, 50,000 more contact tracers after President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Bayanihan 2 law. As of now, 25,767 contact tracing teams and 227,648 contact tracers.

As of September 1, Philippines reported that it’s inflation has climbed up 2.7%  in July, faster than the 2.5 percent in June and 2.4 percent in the same month last year. But despite the uptick, the July inflation remained within Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas’ forecast range of 2.2 percent to 3.0 percent.

Tax measures:

Emergency legislation empowers president to direct all financial institutions to implement a minimum of a thirty (30)-day grace period for the payment of all loans and to move the statutory deadlines for filing and submissions of documents, payment of taxes, fees and charges

Imported donations of medical supplies shall be exempt from donor’s tax, VAT, excise and other fees

Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) released RR 07-2020 implementing the extension of statutory deadlines and timelines for the filing and submission of any documents and the payment of taxes (including refunds)

BIR released RR 08-2020 implementing the directive unto banks, quasi-banks, financing companies, lending companies, and financial institutions to implement a minimum 30-day grace period for payment of all loands, including salary, personal housing, motor vehicle loans, credit card payments falling due within the ECQ

BIR further extended filing of income tax returns until May 30 under RR 10-2020.

BIR extended tax returns until June 14 under RR 48-2020

The BIR issued RR 11-2020 on the extension of statutory deadlines for the submission and/or filing of documents and/or returns as well as payment of taxes.

The government is looking to implement an enhanced net operating loss carryover of five years.

Financial measures:

(March 20) Monetary Board decided to cut the interest rate on the Central Bank’s overnight reverse repurchase facility by 50 basis points to 3.25%

(April 6) The President directed the Finance Minister to implement measures in order to generate more funding

Central Bank’s Monetary Board granted of regulatory and rediscounting relief measures for financial institutions.

Central Bank purchased Php300 billion worth government securities in a repurchase agreement to inject cash.

The Central Bank trimmed the minimum liquidity ratio (MLR) requirement of smaller lenders until the year’s end.

It was reported that the Finance Department is eyeing to borrow US$6 billion. The World Bank approved of a $500 million loan.

The Central Bank is eyeing to cut interest rates further.

The ADB signed a $1.5-billion loan for its COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support program. It also approved a $200 million loan.

May 5: The Monetary Board approved measures to assist the MSME including (a) temporary reduction in the credit risk weights of loans granted to MSMEs that are current in status, and (b) assignment of a lower risk weight for MSME exposures that are covered by guarantees.

Central Bank will keep interest rates steady at 2.75% in case crisis worsens.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank approved a US$750 million loan.

Trade measures:

Entry of imported donations of medical supplies will be excise exempt.

Ensuring enough supply of rice for 14 days; Coordination between national government and local to allow unhampered movement of essential goods; Price freeze for essential goods.

According to the President’s April 6 report, the National Economic Development Authority is creating a national supply chain plan for essential products

Government Resources:

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

The city-state is open to the flow of essential goods and services. “Circuit breaker” rules are in place and most workplaces are shut down. The Circuit breaker period has been extended to June 1. Food manufacturers, hairdressers, specified food retail outlets and laundry services have been permitted to resume operations starting Tuesday, May 12.

Singapore is currently in phase 1 reopening, with certain conditions. For businesses, the following can begin to reopen: Most manufacturing and production facilities, eg. semiconductors and medical technology; and most businesses with employees working in offices and setting that do not require interactions with large groups of people, eg. finance & insurance, and IT & info services. Tele-commuting must be adopted to the maximum extent in businesses that re-open. Most retail outlets will not reopen, dining at F&B outlets is not allowed, hairdressers and barbers can resume operations, home-based businesses with delivery services can resume.

Singapore will begin Phase 2 reopening on June 19. The following activities and businesses are permitted to reopen with safe distancing measures: retail outlets, dine-in at food and beverage outlets, personal health and wellness activities, home-based services, tuition and private enrichment activities, sports, parks and other public facilities, registered clubs and societies, all healthcare services.

Known Closures:

Prohibited activities: use of condominium facilities including pools and gyms, public sports facilities, dining in, socializing in group settings, alternative medicine such as Indian traditional medicine and chiropractic care, and any activity leading to congregating in groups.

Prohibited activities: religious congregations, large cultural venues such as museums and libraries, large-scale events and venues such as conferences, concerts and trade fairs, entertainment venues such as bars, nightclubs, karaoke outlets, cinemas, theatres, as well as indoor and outdoor attractions.

Cross Border Issues:

(March 25) There is the Enhanced Movement Control Order of Malaysia until April 14 which affects the Malaysia-Singapore border crossing.

Singapore and Malaysia will establish the Periodic Commuting Arrangement and Reciprocal Green Lane to allow some cross-border travel for certain groups of cross-border travelers. Exact date for implementation of these measures has not been announced.

Singapore and Malaysia will resume limited cross-border travel on Aug. 10. Singapore residents and Malaysia residents who hold long-term immigration passes for business and work purposes in the other country may enter that country for work. They may return to their home country for short-term home leave after three consecutive months in their country of work, and thereafter re-enter their country of work to continue work for at least another three consecutive months

Known Exceptions:

Exempt from work closure/suspension: those necessary to support the daily living needs of the population. From May 5, these activities shall be allowed: Acupuncture for pain management, sale of retail products by traditional Chinese medicine halls, exercise within common areas of strata-titled residential buildings. From May 12, these activities shall be allowed: Manufacturing and onsite preparation of all food, retail food outlets for take away and delivery, home-based food businesses for delivery or collection, laundry services, salons for haircuts, retail of pet supplies. From May 19, schools may conduct lessons face-to-face or informal sessions with graduating batches given priority. Student attendance will not be compulsory.

Additional Information:

For workplaces that are allowed to remain open, they have to operate with minimal staff on premises, implement strict safe-distancing measures, employees to avoid social interactions. Firms may be required to suspend operations if staff get infected. There are challenges in maintaining trade flow due to the shocks in global supply chain. There is a priority on diversifying food supply sources.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

From 23 March 2020, 2359 hours, all short-term visitors (from anywhere in the world) will not be allowed entry into Singapore, or to transit through Singapore. Singapore has also ceased port calls for all cruise vessels. From 9 April 2020, 2359 hours, all Singapore Citizens, Permanent Residents and Long Term Pass holders entering Singapore will be – required to serve a 14-day self-isolation at dedicated Stay-Home Notice (SHN) facilities. From 27 March 2020, 0900 hours, returnees will also be required to submit a health declaration via the SG Arrival Card (SGAC) e-Service, before proceeding with immigration clearance. The public is advised to defer all travel.

(March 25) Returnees from the UK and US will serve their 14-day SHN in dedicated facilities (under pain of fine and/or imprisonment for violations).

Work pass holders and their dependents will be allowed to return to Singapore only if they work in sectors that provide essential services and apply entry through the Ministry of Manpower.

No short term travelers allowed.

Changi Airport is now permitting limited transit of foreign travelers through the airport. Only travelers flying Singapore Airlines (SIA) from select cities in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand may transit through Changi Airport to any destination in the SIA group network.

Restricted Locations:

Prohibited activities: use of condominium facilities including pools and gyms, public sports facilities, dining in, socializing in group settings, alternative medicine such as Indian traditional medicine and chiropractic care, and any activity leading to congregating in groups.

Gatherings of People:

People are to stay home and are only to go out of their houses for essential services. Any group seen gathering in public will immediately be issued a written warning under circuit breaker measures. Second-time offenders will be fined and third time offenders will be charged in court.

Beginning in Phase 2, group gatherings with up to five people are permitted, with safe-distancing measures. The following gatherings are permitted with restrictions: weddings as solemnizations at home, and at ROM or ROMM, may take place with up to ten people, excluding the solemnizer. At other venues, they may take place with up to twenty people, excluding the solemnizer. Wakes and funerals may have twenty people present at any one time. For schools and Institutes of Higher Learning (IHLs), students will return to school daily from 29 June 2020. IHLs will gradually increase the number of students back on campus for face-to-face learning

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Singapore team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

From May 5, these activities shall be allowed: Acupuncture for pain management, sale of retail products by traditional Chinese medicine halls, exercise within common areas of strata-titled residential buildings. From May 12, these activities shall be allowed: Manufacturing and onsite preparation of all food, retail food outlets for take away and delivery, home-based food businesses for delivery or collection, laundry services, salons for haircuts, retail of pet supplies. From May 19, schools may conduct lessons face-to-face or informal sessions with graduating batches given priority. Student attendance will not be compulsory.

Security/Safety Issues:

Singapore is in the midst of election preparations and the threat of the virus poses safety issues.

It is mandatory for everyone to wear a mask when they step out. Those who do not risk a $300 fine for first-time offenders.

Cases in foreign dormitories are increasing exponentially.

Additional Information:

The TraceTogether app was rolled out by the government whereby people in SIngapore who opt into the app can record other app users within the vicinity for the last 21 days. This is to help in contact tracing.

February 18 – National Budget 2020 included measures worth over S$6.4 billion in response to covid-19. March 26 – a Resiliency Fund was introduced with an additional S$48 billion. On April 6, it announced its third stimulus package S$5.1billion (US$3.55 billion).

Singapore passed a Temporary Measures Act to grant relief for parties unable to meet contractual obligations during the pandemic.

Fiscal spending:

The support to businesses shall be in the form of 3C’s: cash flow, cost, and credit. Support to workers and businesses in the form of the the Jobs Support Scheme, Wage Credit Scheme, Self-Employed Person Income Relief Scheme, Self-Employed Person Training Support Scheme

Support to workers and businesses in the form of the the Jobs Support Scheme, Wage Credit Scheme, Self-Employed Person Income Relief Scheme, Self-Employed Person Training Support Scheme, Temporary Bridging Loan Programme, Enterprise Financing Scheme – Working Capital Loan, and Enterprise Financing Scheme – Trade Loan

SGUnited Jobs initiative to create 10,000 jobs over the next year, SGUnited Traineeships, and the advance use of SkillsFuture Credit top-ups beginning April 2020.

There are additional targeted support for the following sectors: aviation, tourism, food services, land transport, maritime, arts & culture.

Tax measures:

Property tax rebates (up to 100% for non-residential; 60%-100% for affected sectors)

Automatic deferment of income tax payments for companies and self-employed persons for three months

Corporate income tax rebate of 25% of tax payable, capped at $15,000 for Year of Assessment 2020.

There is a freeze on all government fees and charges from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021; all student loan repayment and interest charges shall be suspended for one year from 1 June 2020 to 31 May 2021;all late payment charges on HDB mortgage arrears shall be suspended for three months

Wage support extended until May during the Circuit breaker period

Financial measures:

On March 26, the Monetary Authority of Singapore announced it would begin utilizing its $60 billion dollar bilateral swap line with the US Federal Reserve to provide additional US dollar funding to banks in Singapore.

Banks and finance companies may apply for low-cost funding through a new MAS SGD Facility.

SMEs may opt to defer principal payments on their secured term loans up to 31 December 2020

Individuals with unsecured credit facilities from banks or other credit card issuers may apply to their respective lender to convert their outstanding balances to term loans at a reduced rate of interest, capped at 8%.

Cash flow shall be supported by increasing the maximum loan quantum (up to S$1 million, USD695K) under Enterprise Financing Scheme – SME Working Capital Loan

Wage credit scheme: Over 95,000 employers in Singapore will receive over $450 million in payouts by June 30, 2020. The Government will co-fund 20% of qualifying wage increases given in 2019, 2018 and 2017 to more than 800,000 Singaporean employees earning a gross monthly wage of up to $5,000

Trade measures:

Initiated a Joint Ministerial Statement with like-minded countries that affirms commitment to keeping supply chains open and connected. Also includes commitment to work to identify trade disruptions and keep trade flows open amidst the COVID-19 crisis.

Reaffirmed commitment with China to maintain supply chain connectivity between both countries for the flow of goods

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

Since July 1, Thailand has entered the fifth phase of lockdown easing. Meanwhile, the Emergency Decree has been extended until the end of August.

Known Closures:

Thailand moved to the fifth phase of lockdown easing on July 1. Under the fifth phase, nearly all business activities have been allowed to reopen. Entertainment venues and nightlife services including pubs, bars, and massage parlors have been authorized to resume their operations under some disease control guidelines.

The sixth phase of lockdown easing is expected to begin in late July or early August.

Cross Border Issues:

Borders are open for the movement of goods and services.

Known Exceptions:

Thailand has opened four ports along the Mekong River to resume trade with China. Operation in the four ports will be limited to three days a week, and travelers are prohibited for the time being.

Additional Information:

On May 1, the Royal Gazette published an announcement allowing for the sale of alcohol starting on May 3, but consumption of alcohol in restaurants will still be banned. 

On June 3, Energy Minister, Sonthirat Sonthijirawong, announced that the electricity discount from March to May has ended and not been renewed.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

The Civil Aviation Authority of Thailand (CAAT) has extended the ban on all incoming international flights until June 30. Foreigners are banned from entering Thailand at all points. As of June 24, Thailand will begin to allow the following five groups of foreigners to enter the country from the beginning of July: 1) business people and investors; 2) skilled laborers and experts; 3) foreigners married to Thais or permanent residents of Thailand; 4) educational personnel, teachers, and students; 5) medical wellness tourists.

The CCSA has tentative plans to allow more tourists to enter Thailand under the travel bubble in August under villa or state quarantine facilities if the virus situation shows improvement. Foreigners interested in registration are encouraged to contact the Thai embassy.

All temporary visa holders have been granted an automatic extension allowing them to stay in Thailand until July 31. The 90-day reporting rule for foreigners with a one-year visa is also suspended until July 31.

Travelers on domestic flights are subjected to quarantine measures put forth by different provinces.

Restricted Locations:

As of June 15, more activities and venues have been permitted to reopen. Science and culture centers may reopen with a limited number of visitors in groups. Amusement parks, water parks and playgrounds may reopen. Game booths in department stores, shopping centers and community malls have been permitted to open. International schools and schools with no more than 120 students are authorized to reopen. Prohibited venues and activities include entertainment places (pubs, bars, and karaoke venues), massage parlors, ball pools and bouncy castles. Bullfighting, cockfighting, fish fighting, and similar activities are to remain prohibited.

Gatherings of People:

As of June 15, group exercise in public parks is allowed for gatherings of up to 50 people. Film, television, and video shoots have been allowed with crew members not exceeding 150 and spectators not exceeding 50.

Procedures for Exemptions:

Please contact the US-ABC Thailand team for more information.

Known Exceptions:

The temporary travel ban does not affect work permit holders, shippers, diplomats, drivers, pilots and others permitted by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha. Every person must possess a Medical Certificate to enter the Kingdom. Exceptions to the curfew include medical and banking personnel, logistic workers handling essentail goods, individuals working normal nigh shifts.

Security/Safety Issues:

Starting from 11 pm on June 14, the nationwide night-time curfew has been lifted. The Emergency Decree is to remain in place until the end of August.

Additional Information:

N/A

Fiscal Spending:

US$ 12.7 billion stimulus package, announced on March 12, aimed at assisting all sectors of the economy. There is THB 5,000 handout to each self-employed person affected by the economic challenges. Up to now 21 million people have applied to this scheme. On April 7, Thai cabinet approved third $58 billion stimulus package that includes US$18.4 billion in support for affected workers and the self-employed, an extension of US$153 monthly payouts to 9 million workers until September, and US$12.2 billion for infrastructure investment and creation of local jobs

Tax Measures:

Withholding taxes for businesses have been reduced to 1.5%. Personal income tax deadline has been moved to August 31.

Financial Measures:

Soft loans will enable commercial banks to lend at 2%. Third package includes plans for Bank of Thailand to divert US$15.3 billion in soft loans toward mid-sized firms, BoT will also establish the Corporate Bond Liquidity Stabilization Fund, which will add US$12.2 billion to the corporate bond market

Trade Measures:

N/A

Intelligence & Analysis

Confirmed Cases Total Deaths Recoveries
January 1, 0001 12:00 am

National Responses

Current Status:

Following the new cases of COVID-19, on August 4, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam in a National Committee on COVID-19 Prevention and Control meeting said that Vietnam is determined to prevent the pandemic from spreading widely and avoid a nationwide social distancing.

April 24, 2020: Prime Minister’s Directive 19 on Continued COVID-19 Prevention and Control, lifted the lockdown.

April 1, 2020: Prime Minister’s Decision 447/QD-TTg 2020: Declaration of COVID-19 epidemic.

Known Closures:

N/A

Cross Border Issues:

Vietnam has approved the reopening of sub-border gates and border crossings in Lang Son and Quang Ninh provinces connecting with China to ease trade between the two countries.

Known Exceptions:

Inter-province and intra-province transportation can resume operations under the Ministry of Transport’s instructions and with safety precautions. Domestic air transportation is to follow special procedures to ensure public health safety.

Additional Information:

On April 16, the National Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control announced different schemes for social distancing for each localities, based on risk factors. Localities other than “High-risk” (Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, Lao Cai, Quang Ninh, Bac Ninh, Ninh Binh, Quang Nam, Binh Thuan, Khanh Hoa, Tay Ninh, and Ha Tinh) are to follow Directive 15 and 16 to April 22. Some manufacturing and business activites are allowed to resume after April 15 on the condition that epidemiological safety measures are taken.

Known travel restrictions on entry/exit:

Land borders with Laos and Cambodia are strictly closed for human movement. Domestic flights have been returned to pre-pandemic schedule. Land borders with Laos and Cambodia are strictly closed for human movement.

Restricted Locations:

On July 25, a local Vietnamese in Da Nang was tested positive for COVID-19, becoming the first community transmission case since April. As of July 31, Vietnam has recorded its first COVID-19 related death and 104 cases related to the patient. Local authorities are also conducting contact tracing operations and mass testing. Da Nang has stopped receiving repatriation flight since the news. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City has shut down of all bars, karaoke venues, discos and roadside stalls and banned large gatherings, including non-urgent fairs and conferences, effective August 1 and July 31 respectively.

On April 16, the National Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control announced different schemes for social distancing for each localities, based on risk factors. On April 22, the Committee revised the category as followed: “At-risk” localities: Thuong Tin area of Hanoi; “High-risk” localities: Ho Chi Minh City, Bac Ninh, Ha Giang; “Low-risk” localities: the remaining provinces. At-risk location is to continue Directive 16 on limited lockdown.

For “at-risk” localities: Production sites and logistics operations are exempted but employers have to make sure that their employees follow all government-mandated hygienic protocols, including site disinfection, 2-m distance and wearing masks. Travel from virus-hit areas to other places is only exempted for emergency government duty, food and other essentials, commute by workers and engineers to and from work. Everyone is only allowed to go out on essential business such as to get food and medicine, to be hospitalized and to go to work in production sites and stores that are essential business. Each local government shall determine the list of the essential services and products which will remain open.

Gatherings of People:

For “at-risk” localities: Groups of over 2 people each are banned in public and outside of offices, schools and hospitals. Each room shall have no more than 20 people at the same time. 2m social distancing strictly enforced in all places. Schools are closed.

Groups of over 20 people (for high-risk) or over 30 people (for low-risk) each are banned in public and outside of offices, schools and hospitals. Each room shall have no more than 20 people at the same time. 1-m social distancing strictly enforced in all places. Schools are open at reduced capacity and alternate schedule.

Procedures for Exemption:

Please contact the US-ABC Vietnam team.

Known Exceptions:

Operation of commercial services such as retails, lotteries, hotel and lodging, restaurants, sport centers, heritage sites, and tourist attractions are allowed to resume as long as safety precautions are in places, including providing personal protective gears for staff, taking body temperature of guests, and installing public hand sanitizers. Inter-province and intra-province transportation can resume operations under the Ministry of Transport’s instructions and with safety precautions. Air transportation is to follow special procedures to ensure public health safety. Schools are to also disinfect facility and combine online learning to protect the students’ health. Factories and manufacturing facilities are to continue operations under safety precautions for employees and workers. As of May 7, non-essential businesses including bars, pubs, clubs and discos, beauty salons, massage parlors, karaoke lounges, barbers, and hairdresser have been allowed to resume under safety precautions. Religious activities in Vietnam were allowed to resume from May 8 but with preventive measures for large gatherings.

For incoming travelers, exemptions are made for diplomats, government officials and high-skilled corporate employees traveling on official business. On September 1, Vietnam has lifted the 14-day quarantine requirement for incoming travelers listed above. However, they are to comply with safety guidelines and procedures, including taking a COVID-19 test.

Security/Safety Issues:

Punitive measures for non-compliance are not specified. Burden is on local government to enforce.

Additional Information:

All new arrivals at port of entry who are allowed in will be screened for any COVID-19 symptoms and sent to quarantine for 14 days or the hospital for treatment. Returning Vietnamese nationals shall be quarantined for 14 days in government-run facilities. People arrived in the country since March 8 but have not been quarantined will be screened for medical condition and tested.

Vietnam’s Immigration Department has announced that it will extend temporary residence permits for those that have entered before March 1 until the end of June 30. Foreigners that have entered on visa-free policies, e-visas, or tourist visas since March 1 will also be entitled to the same automatic extension program until June 30.

As of May 7, Vietnamese domestic carriers are allowed to remove social distancing restrictions on aircraft and limitations on the number of passengers from May 7. Passengers on planes are no longer required to sit one seat apart, but they still have to keep a distance of one meter from each other while going through procedures at airports until boarding.

Fiscal spending:

On May 29, the government issued Resolution 84 unveiling a number of incentives for businesses affected by the pandemic, including reduction of certain fees and easing of various regulations related to trade, industries, and foreign employees.

On April 9, the Government approved a US$2.66 billion social welfare package for people affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on removing difficulties in production and businesses and accelerating the disbursement of public investment. Of the seven groups subject to the package, six will benefit from the State budget while the remaining group – businesses – will be allowed to access bank loans with a zero percent interest rate to support their workers.

Tax measures:

Tax deferment is being proposed for VAT, CIT and PIT to Q3 & Q4, for a total of $3.5 bn. On March 10, MOF released a draft decree on the extension of Value-added tax (VAT), personal income tax (PIT) and land rental fee for affected industries, including agriculture, forestry, fishery; manufacturing and processing food; weaving; costumes; shoes; products from rubber; electronic products, computers; transportation; accommodation and catering; activities of travel agents, tour operators and support services related to tourism promotion and organization. The deadline for payment of VAT will be extended to December 15, 2020 for individuals and business households in the listed affected industries and will be extended by 5 months for companies declaring VAT on a quarterly basis (Q1-Q2) or on a monthly basis (March-June). The deadline for the first payment of 2020 for those who directly lease land from the State, those who pay land rental fee on an annual basis, or in the listed affected industries, will be extended by 5 months. On April 3, the Ministry of Finance submitted a new proposal increasing the total value of tax deferment to US$7.82 billion and added new eligible sectors.

Financial measures:

Following the new cases of COVID-19, on August 5, the State Bank of Vietnam announced its decision to cut the interest rate it pays on commercial banks’ reserves by 0.2-0.5 percentage points as part of its efforts to help the economy weather the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

On April 13, the government has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Industry and Trade to decrease the retail price of electricity by 10 per cent over the course of three months, in April, May, and June. On February 24, SBV ordered commercial banks to eliminate, cut, or delay interest payments on loans to companies facing losses due to the COVID-19 outbreak. On March 13, SBV issued Circular No. 01/2020/TT-NHNN directing the credit institutions, the foreign bank branches to restructure the repayment periods, waive and reduce the interest and fees, maintain the debt classifications in order to support those customers affected by COVID-19 epidemic (Circular 01).

Tax Measures:

April 9, 2020: Prime Minister approved Decree No 41/2020/NĐ-CP: extending deadlines for tax and land use fee payments to support businesses suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of USD 7.8 Billion The decree took effect immediately. The extension would be five months from the deadline for payments. 1. Agro-forestry-fishery 2. Food processing, Textile, garment, Construction industry 3. Transportation, Warehouse, Accommodation and catering, Education, Medical services 4. Part-supply industry 5. Small and micro – sized enterprises and credit institutions and branches of foreign banks which provided support to their customers who were hit by the COVID-19 pandemic following the requirements of the State Bank of Việt Nam.

Trade measures:

On February 28, the Government issued Resolution 20/NQ-CP on applying the export licensing regime on medical masks amid COVID-19 prevention and control. Pursuant to the Resolution, the MOH issued Decision 868/QD-BYT dated March 11 to apply the regime and only allows exports of medical masks for international aid and assistance purposes granted by the Vietnam Government (maximum of 25 percent of the output for exports and 75 percent for domestic use).

On March 24, Vietnam Customs has stopped issuing clearance for rice shipments to ensure food security, under the Prime Minister’s instruction as part of the wider COVID-19 response. The Prime Minister said the ban would be in place until March 28 as the government review the national stockpile and ensure domestic supplies can cope with the pandemic. As of March 30, the ban is still in place.

Intelligence & Analysis

Case data from WHO, CDC, ECDC, NHC and DXY. Compiled by JHU CSSE